LOCATION ANCLOTE                 FL

Established Series


The Anclote series consists of very deep, very poorly drained, rapidly permeable soils in depressions, poorly defined drainage ways, and flood plains in the Southern Florida Flatwoods (MLRA 155), South Central Florida Ridge (MLRA 154), Florida Everglades and Associated Areas (156A) and Southern Florida Lowlands (MLRA 156B). They formed in thick beds of sandy marine sediments. Near the type location, the mean annual temperature ranges from 68 to 75 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation ranges from 47 to 56 inches. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent.

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Sandy, siliceous, hyperthermic Typic Endoaquolls

TYPICAL PEDON: Anclote sand, in a forested area (Colors are for a moist soil).

A1--0 to 10 inches; black (10YR 2/1) rubbed, sand; weak medium granular structure; very friable; many fine roots; high organic matter content; slightly acid; clear smooth boundary.

A2--10 to 19 inches; black (10YR 2/1) sand; single grain; loose; common fine and few medium roots; few medium faint very dark gray (10YR 3/1) vertical streaks along root channels; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary. (Combined thickness of the A horizons range from 10 to 24 inches)

Cg1--19 to 62 inches; gray (5Y 5/1) sand; single grain; loose; few faint streaks of very dark gray (10YR 3/1) in the upper few inches; sand grains are uncoated; neutral; clear wavy boundary.

Cg2--62 to 72 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) sand; single grain; loose; sand grains are uncoated; neutral.

TYPE LOCATION: Brevard County, Florida. Approximately 6.5 miles west of Cocoa on State Road 520 to Satellite Boulevard; about 4.5 miles north and 150 feet southwest of grade crossroads in the SW 5 acres of SW1/4, NE1/4, Sec. 5, T. 24 S., R. 35 E.; lat. 28 degrees 25 minutes 41.61 seconds N. long. 80 degrees 50 minutes 23.52 seconds W., NAD83.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Depth of sand is 60 inches or more. The content of silt plus clay is less than 15 percent in the 10- to 40-inch particle-size control sections. Soil reaction is strongly acid through moderately alkaline throughout. The mollic epipedon ranges from 10 to 24 inches thick and contains from 2 to 15 percent organic matter.

A thin Oa horizon is present in some pedons and is generally less than 5 inches in thickness. Where present, it has hue of 5YR to 10YR, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 3 or less. Texture is muck.

The A or Ap horizon has hue of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 1 or 2, or it is neutral with value of 2 or 3. Redoximorphic features in shades of gray or pockets of sand not coated with organic matter range from none to common in the lower part of the A horizon. Texture is sand, fine sand, loamy sand, and loamy fine sand or their mucky analogs.

The Cg horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 1 or 2. Texture is sand, fine sand, loamy sand, and loamy fine sand.

COMPETING SERIES: There are no known series in the same family. Closely related soils include Astor, Chobee, Delray, and Manatee series. Astor soils are on similar positions and have mollic epipedons 24 to 60 inches thick. Chobee, Delray, and Manatee soils are on similar positions and have argillic horizons. In addition, Chobee soils have fine-loamy subsoils, Delray soils have sandy surface and subsurface layers 40 to 80 inches in thickness, and Manatee soils have coarse-loamy subsoils.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Anclote soils are in depressions, flats, or poorly defined drainage ways in the Lower Coastal Plain. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent. They formed in thick beds of sandy marine sediments. The climate is humid subtropical. The average annual precipitation ranges from 52 to 57 inches, and the average annual temperature ranges from about 74 to 77 degrees F.

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the competing Astor, Chobee, Delray, and Manatee series and the Basinger, Bluff, Boca, Felda, Floridana, Holopaw, Immokalee, Malabar, Myakka, Oldsmar, Pineda, Placid, Pomello, Pompano, Sellers, Terra Ceia, Valkaria, Wabasso and Winder series. Basinger, Immokalee, Myakka and Wabasso soils are on similar positions, are acid, and have Bh horizons. Bluff soils have fine-loamy control sections. Boca soils are moderately deep to limestone bedrock. Felda and Floridana soils are on similar positions and have sandy surface and subsurface layers 20 to 40 inches thick. Holopaw soils have sandy surface and subsurface layers 40 to 80 inches in thickness. Malabar and Pineda soils have Bw and argillic horizons. Oldsmar soils have spodic horizons. Placid and Sellers soils are on similar positions and have umbric epipedons. The somewhat poorly drained to moderately well drained Pomello soils are on higher positions and have Bh horizons. Pompano soils are on similar positions but lack a mollic epipedon. Samsula soils have muck layers 16 to 51 inches in thickness while Terra Ceia soils are mucky throughout. Valkaria soils have cambic horizons and do not have mollic epipedons. The poorly drained Winder soils are on similar to slightly higher positions and have fine-loamy subsoils.

DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Very poorly drained; rapid permeability.

USE AND VEGETATION: Anclote soils are used mainly for range and woodland. A few cleared areas are used for truck, bulb and flower crops and improved pasture. Native vegetation consists of cypress, bay, popash, pond pine, cabbage palm, red maple and juncus species.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Central and southern part of Peninsular Florida. The series is of moderate extent.


SERIES ESTABLISHED: Lake County, Florida; 1970.

REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features in this pedon:

Mollic epipedon - the zone from 0 to 19 inches (A1 and A2 horizons).

This soil was previously classified in the Humic-Gley great soil group.

Under natural conditions, they are saturated and frequently covered with shallow water during the summer rainy season.

The water table is within 10 inches of the surface for 6 or more months during most years, and recedes to depths of more than 20 inches during the driest season. Depressional areas are frequently ponded during the rainy season.

Anclote soils are in MLRAs 155, 154, 156A and 156B.

ADDITIONAL DATA: Laboratory data is available on the National Soil Survey website at: http://ncsslabdatamart.sc.egov.usda.gov/querypage.aspx

Laboratory data is provided by the University of Florida, Department of Soil and Water Science, Gainesville, FL. http://soils.ifas.ufl.edu/flsoils/index.asp

National Cooperative Soil Survey