LOCATION BODIFORD FL
The Bodiford series consists of deep, very poorly drained soils on flood plains and poorly defined drainageways in Gulf Coast lowlands. They formed in sandy and loamy marine sediments overlying limestone bedrock. Near the type location, the mean annual temperature is about 68 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation is about 55 inches. Slopes are less than 1 percent.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy, siliceous, superactive, thermic Arenic Endoaqualfs
TYPICAL PEDON: Bodiford muck - forest (Colors are for moist conditions.)
Oa--0 to 11 inches; dark reddish brown (5YR 2/2) muck; 30 percent fiber unrubbed, 10 percent rubbed; weak fine granular structure; very friable; many fine, medium and coarse roots; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary. (8 to 15 inches thick)
A--11 to 15 inches; very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2) mucky loamy sand; moderate medium granular structure; friable; many fine medium and coarse roots; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary. (3 to 9 inches thick)
E--15 to 32 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) sand; single grained; loose; common medium and coarse roots; neutral; clear wavy boundary. (11 to 28 inches thick)
Btg--32 to 48 inches; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) sandy loam; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; friable; sand grains are coated and bridged with clay films; mildly alkaline; abrupt irregular boundary. (5 to 25 inches thick)
2R--48 inches; limestone bedrock that can be chipped but not dug with a spade.
TYPE LOCATION: Dixie County, Florida. Approximately 2,300 feet west and 300 feet north of the southeast corner, Sec. 30, T. 12 S., R. 11 E.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Solum thickness and depth to limestone is 40 to 60 inches. Reaction ranges from moderately acid to neutral in the Oa horizon, slightly acid to slightly alkaline in the A and E horizons, and from neutral to moderately alkaline in the Btg horizons.
The Oa horizon has hue of 5YR to 10YR, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 4 or less; or is neutral with value of 2 or 3. Organic materials are composed mostly of decayed leaves, twigs, roots, and other sapric vegetative material. Percent fiber ranges from about 5 to 15 percent rubbed and from 20 to 35 percent unrubbed.
The A horizon has hue of 10YR to 5YR, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 2 or less; or is neutral with value of 2 or 3. Texture is fine sand, sand, loamy sand, or their mucky analogs.
The E horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 4 to 7, and chroma of 1 to 4. Iron depletions in shades of gray, and masses or iron accumulation in shades of brown, yellow or red range from none to common. Texture is fine sand, sand, or loamy sand.
The Btg horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, or is neutral, value of 4 to 7, and chroma of 2 or less. Iron depletions in shades of gray, and masses of iron accumulation in shades of brown, yellow or red range from none to common. Texture is fine sandy loam, sandy loam, or sandy clay loam.
The Cr horizon, where present, has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 6 to 8, and chroma of 1 to 4. It is composed of soft, weathered, fractured limestone that can be dug with difficulty with a spade, has very firm to extremely firm rupture resistance with low to high excavation difficulty. It usually contains soft carbonate accumulations along with few to many hard limestone or chert fragments. It is highly irregular and interspersed with solution holes that range from 4 to 12 inches in diameter and filled with sandy loam to sandy clay textured soil material. Depth to limestone is variable within short distances.
The 2R horizon is composed of hard, unweathered limestone that has slightly rigid to very rigid rupture resistance with very high to extremely high excavation difficulty. Some areas contain solution holes filled with Btg and/or Cr material.
COMPETING SERIES: This is the
Elloree series in the same family. Elloree soils do not have a histic epipedon.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Bodiford soils are on flood plains of the Gulf Coast lowlands. They formed in loamy and sandy marine sediments overlying limestone bedrock. Thin accumulations of organic materials are on the surface. Slopes are less than 1 percent. The average annual temperature ranges from 66 to 70 degrees F., and the average annual precipitation ranges from 50 to 60 inches.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the
Wekiva soils. All of the associated soils lack a histic epipedon. Additionally, Chaires soils have a spodic horizon and are on the flatwoods. Meadowbrook soils have an argillic horizon at depths of greater than 40 inches. Shired soils have a loamy A horizon, and Wekiva soils have an argillic horizon at depths of less than 20 inches and limestone at depths of 20 to 30 inches. Meadowbrook and Shired soils are on the same landform. Wekiva soils are on slightly higher positions.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Very poorly drained; moderately slow permeability in the subsoil.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas of Bodiford soil are in natural woodland. The vegetation consists mostly of cypress, red maple, sweetgum, blackgum, bay, and cabbage palm. Understory vegetation includes waxmyrtle, sedges, sawgrass, and other water tolerant grasses.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Bodiford soils are on lowlands in the Gulf Coast area of northern Florida. The series is of small extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama.
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Dixie County, Florida: 1998.
REMARKS: Classification changed from Histic Humaquepts to Arenic Endoqualfs after further investigation during the final field review. However, this soil would better classify as a Histic Endoaqualfs if it were in Soil Taxonomy.
Pg. 83 IAJA2. Other Endoaqualfs that have a histic epipedon. Histic Endoaqualfs
These soils are ponded for 6 to 9 months during most years and are frequently flooded.
Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Histic epipedon - The zone from the surface of the soil to a depth of 11 inches (Oa horizon).
Argillic horizon - The zone from 32 to 48 inches (Btg horizon).
Aquic conditions - endosaturation throughout.
National Cooperative Soil Survey