LOCATION DAYTONA FL
Rev. RBH; AGH; GRB
The Daytona series consists of very deep, moderately well drained, moderately rapid permeable soils on knolls and ridges in the flatwoods. They formed in sandy deposits of marine or eolian sediments. Near the type location, the mean annual temperature is about 72 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation is about 55 inches. Slopes range from 0 to 5 percent.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Sandy, siliceous, hyperthermic Arenic Alorthods
TYPICAL PEDON: Daytona sand on a 2 percent slope in sand pine scrub woodland. (Colors are for moist soil.)
A--0 to 5 inches; gray (10YR 5/1) sand; single grained, loose; many fine, medium, and coarse roots; extremely acid; clear wavy boundary. (1 to 6 inches thick)
E--5 to 36 inches; white (10YR 8/1) sand; single grained, loose; common medium roots; few gray (10YR 5/1) streaks along root channels; very strongly acid; abrupt wavy boundary. (29 to 48 inches thick)
Bh--36 to 38 inches; black (10YR 2/1) sand; massive; friable; few large distinct dark reddish brown (5YR 3/3) and grayish brown (10YR 5/2) areas of organic matter depletions; extremely acid; gradual irregular boundary. (1 to 4 inches thick)
Bw&Bh--38 to 47 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) sand; single grained; friable; few fine roots; few large distinct dark reddish brown (5YR 2/2) spodic fragments and common medium faint brown (10YR 5/3) areas of organic matter depletions; extremely acid; gradual wavy boundary. (3 to 10 inches thick)
C--47 to 80 inches; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) sand; single grained; loose; few medium roots; few tongues about 1.5 inches wide of yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) material extend into upper portion of this horizon from horizon above; few medium faint pale brown (10YR 6/3) and yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) masses of accumulations and grayish brown (10YR 5/2) areas of depletions; very strongly acid.
TYPE LOCATION: Volusia County, Florida; approximately 1.5 miles north of Lake Winnemisett on paved road and about 100 yards north on jeep trail from sharp curve in paved road; NE 1/4, NW 1/4, Sec. 12, T. 17 S., R. 30 E.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Depth to the Bh horizon ranges from 30 to 50 inches. Reaction ranges from extremely acid to moderately acid throughout.
The A horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 3 to 6, and chroma of 1 or 2; or is neutral with value of 3 to 5. Texture is sand, fine sand, or coarse sand throughout.
The E horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 7 or 8, and chroma of 1 or 2. Streaks in shades of gray and brown range from none to common. Texture is sand, fine sand, or coarse sand throughout.
The Bh horizon has hue of 5YR to 10YR, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 1 to 4; Less than 25 percent of the entire Bh horizon vertical thickness or a sub horizon 1 inch or more thick in less than 50 percent of each pedon may be weakly cemented. Redoximorphic features and discontinuous streaks in shades of brown, red, and gray range from few to common. The thickness of the Bh horizon is variable within short distances. In places, the E horizon tongues through the Bh into the Bw&Bh horizon. Texture is sand, fine sand, or coarse sand throughout.
The Bw part of the Bw&Bh horizon has hue of 10YR or 7.5YR, value of 4 or 5, and chroma of 3 to 6. The Bh part has the same color range as the Bh horizon and occurs as bodies of soft nodules. Organic matter accumulations and depletions in shades of brown range from few to common. Texture is sand, fine sand, or coarse sand throughout.
The C horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 4 or less. Redoximorphic accumulations in shades of brown range from none to common. Tongues may extend into the C horizon from the Bw&Bh horizon. Texture is sand, fine sand, or coarse sand throughout.
COMPETING SERIES: There are no known series in the same family.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Daytona soils are on low ridges and knolls in the flatwoods of the low Coastal Plain in Peninsular Florida. Slopes range from 0 to 5 percent. They formed in sandy deposits of marine or eolian sediments. The climate is humid subtropical. The average annual precipitation ranges from 50 to 60 inches and the average annual temperature ranges from 70 to 74 degrees F.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the
Tavares series. The very poorly or poorly drained Basinger soils are on lower positions, have weak spodic horizons, and are sandy throughout. Cassia and Myakka soils are on lower positions and are less than 30 inches in depth to the spodic horizon. In addition, Cassia soils are somewhat poorly drained and Myakka soils are very poorly to poorly drained. The very poorly or poorly drained Immokalee soils are on lower positions. The somewhat poorly to moderately well drained Pomello soils are on similar to lower positions. Tavares soils are on similar positions but are sandy throughout.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Moderately well drained; very rapid permeability in the surface and subsurface layers and moderately rapid in the subsoil.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas are in native vegetation and used for wildlife habitat. A few areas are used for citrus or for community developments. The native vegetation consists of sand pine with an understory of creeping bluestem, broomsedge bluestem, splitbeard bluestem, lopsided indiangrass, pineland threeawn, switchgrass, panicum, and paspalums.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Peninsular Florida. The series is of small known extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama.
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Volusia County, Florida; 1977.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon:
Ochric epipedon - the zone from the surface to a depth of 36 inches (A, E).
Albic horizon - the zone from 5 to 36 inches (E).
Spodic horizon - the zone from 36 to 38 inches (Bh).
A water table fluctuates between 40 and 60 inches during the summer wet season and below 60 inches in drier seasons.
Daytona soils were formerly included in the Pomello series.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Data is available on 2 pedons sampled with numbers S74FL127-13(1-3) and S74FL127-15(1-5). Characterization data was obtained from the University of Florida and engineering test data from the Florida Department of Transportation.
National Cooperative Soil Survey