Established Series


The Glover series consists of somewhat excessively drained soils that formed in loamy till on uplands. They are shallow to schist, phyllite, or metamorphosed limestone bedrock. Permeability is moderate. Slope ranges from 0 to 60 percent. Mean annual precipitation is 38 inches and mean annual temperature is 43 degrees F.

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy, mixed, active, frigid Humic Lithic Dystrudepts

TYPICAL PEDON: Glover very fine sandy loam, on a northwest facing slope of 20 percent, in a hayfield. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise indicated.)

Ap--0 to 8 inches; very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2) very fine sandy loam, grayish brown (10YR 5/2) dry; weak medium granular structure; very friable; many fine roots; 10 percent gravel; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary. (2 to 8 inches thick)

Bw--8 to 12 inches; olive brown (2.5Y 4/4) gravelly very fine sandy loam; weak medium granular structure; very friable; many fine roots; 25 percent gravel and channers; slightly acid; abrupt smooth boundary. (3 to 12 inches thick)

R--12 inches, schist bedrock.

TYPE LOCATION: Town of East Montpelier, Washington County, Vermont, 3,300 feet northeast of the intersection of the old railroad bed and Vermont Route 14, and 3,300 feet south of US route 2; latitude 44 degrees, 15 minutes, 39 seconds N, longitude 72 degrees, 28 minutes, 22 seconds W, NAD 27.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: The thickness of the solum and depth to bedrock ranges from 10 to 20 inches. Rock fragments range from 5 to 25 percent in the solum. Rock fragments are schist, phyllite and metamorphosed limestone. Reaction ranges from very strongly acid to slightly acid. Texture is loam, silt loam, very fine sandy loam, fine sandy loam, or their gravelly or channery analogs.

The Ap horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 2 to 3, and chroma of 1 to 3. Undisturbed pedons have an A horizon with properties similar to the Ap horizon.

Some undisturbed pedons have a thin, discontinuous E horizon under the A horizon that has hue of 10YR, value of 4 or 5 and chroma of 1 or 2. It is up to 2 inches thick.

The Bw horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 3 or 4, and chroma of 2 to 4.

Some pedons have a C horizon that has hue of 2.5Y or 5Y, value of 3 or 4, and chroma of 2 to 4. It is up to 5 inches thick.

Some pedons have a thin discontinuous Cr horizon that has hue of 5YR to 2.5Y, value of 2 or 3, and chroma of 1 or 2. Texture is fine sand, loamy fine sand, or fine sandy loam. It is up to 5 inches thick.

COMPETING SERIES: There are no other series in this family.
Vershire soils are similar soils in a related family. They are moderately deep to bedrock.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Glover soils are level to very steep soils on tops and sideslopes of hills, ridges, and mountains. They formed in till of Wisconsin age derived mainly from interbedded dark mica schist and metamorphosed limestone or phyllite. Slope ranges from 0 to 60 percent. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 36 to 46 inches. Mean annual air temperature ranges from 40 to 44 degrees F. The frost free season ranges from 90 to 135 days. Elevations range from 500 to 1750 feet above mean sea level.

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Buckland, Cabot, Dummerston, Fullam, Peacham, Pomfret, Shelburne, and Vershire soils. The well drained Dummerston and Shelburne soils, moderately well drained Buckland and Fullam soils, poorly drained Cabot soils and very poorly drained Peacham soils are all in lower positions on the landscape. The somewhat excessively drained Pomfret soils and well drained Vershire soils are in similar positions on the landscape. Pomfret soils are sandy and Vershire soils are moderately deep to bedrock.

DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Somewhat excessively drained. Permeability is moderate.

USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas are wooded. Common trees are quaking aspen, American beech, sugar maple, yellow birch, balsam fir, red spruce, eastern hemlock, and eastern white pine. A few areas are cleared and used for hay and pasture.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: New Hampshire, New York, and Vermont; MLRA's 144B and 143. The series is of moderate extent.


SERIES ESTABLISHED: Addison County, Vermont. 1967.

REMARKS: 1. The classification is updated to Loamy, mixed, active, frigid Humic Lithic Dystrudepts with this revision. The former classification was Loamy, mixed, frigid Lithic Haplumbrepts.
2. Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
a. Umbric epipedon - the zone from 0 to 8 inches (Ap horizon).
b. Cambic horizon - the zone from 8 to 12 inches (Bw horizon).
c. Lithic feature - bedrock at 12 inches from the soil surface. (R horizon)

ADDITIONAL DATA: NSSL laboratory data is available for the following pedons: S74VT-17-16, S84VT-23, S86VT23-2, S86VT23-4 and, S86VT23-6.

Soil Interpretation Record Numbers for this series are:
Glover: VT0016 Glover, stony: VT0072

National Cooperative Soil Survey