LOCATION PINTWATER NV
The Pintwater series consists of shallow, well drained soils that formed in residuum and colluvium derived from rhyolite, ignimbrite, welded tuff, basalt and related rocks. Pintwater soils are on mountain slopes, rock pediments and hills. Slopes are 0 to 75 percent. The mean annual precipitation is about 180 mm and the mean annual temperature is about 12 degrees C.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, calcareous, mesic Lithic Torriorthents
TYPICAL PEDON: Pintwater gravelly fine sandy loam--rangeland. (Colors are for dry soil unless otherwise noted.)
A1--0 to 3 cm; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) gravelly fine sandy loam, dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) moist; massive; soft, very friable, nonsticky and nonplastic; few very fine and fine roots; many very fine and fine interstitial pores; 20 percent gravel; strongly effervescent; contains considerable mica, sanidine, and clear quartz crystals; strongly alkaline (pH 8.5); abrupt smooth boundary. (0 to 5 cm thick)
A2--3 to 10 cm; pale brown (10YR 6/3) gravelly sandy loam, dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) moist; weak thick platy structure; slightly hard, very friable, nonsticky and nonplastic; few fine and very fine roots; many fine and medium vesicular pores; 20 percent gravel; strongly effervescent; strongly alkaline (pH 8.7); clear smooth boundary. (8 to 18 cm thick)
Bqk--10 to 50 cm; very pale brown (10YR 7/3) very stony fine sandy loam, brown (10YR 5/3) moist; massive; soft, very friable, nonsticky and nonplastic; many fine and very fine roots; many very fine and fine interstitial pores; 15 percent stones, 15 percent cobbles, and 15 percent gravel; violently effervescent with few to common fine flecks of segregated secondary calcium carbonate and secondary silica with secondary calcium carbonate pendants on bottom of rock fragments; strongly alkaline (pH 8.5); clear wavy boundary. (13 to 43 cm thick)
R--50 cm; very pale brown (10YR 8/2) fractured ignimbrite, brown (10YR 5/3) moist; secondary silica and calcium carbonate coats in fractures and on the bottom of each loose rock fragment, often as pendants.
TYPE LOCATION: Lincoln County, Nevada; on northern portion of ridge east of Highway 93, about 1/2 mile south of Upper Pahranagat Lake outlet; about 1,000 feet east and 2,300 feet north of the southwest corner of Section 2, T. 8 S, R. 61 E., USGS Alamo SE 7.5 minute topographic quadrangle; latitude 37 degrees 16 minutes 50 seconds N and longitude 115 degrees 7 minutes 0 seconds W; WGS84 Decimal Degrees 37.2802778 latitude, -115.116667 longitude.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Soil moisture: Usually dry, moist in some part for short periods during winter and early spring months and for 10 to 20 days cumulative between July and October due to convection storms; typic aridic soil moisture regime.
Mean annual soil temperature: 12 to 14 degrees C.
Depth to bedrock: 25 to 50 cm.
Reaction: Moderately alkaline or strongly alkaline.
Particle-size control section - Clay content: 10 to 18 percent.
Rock fragments: 35 to 70 percent.
Value: 6 or 7 dry, 4 through 6 moist.
Chroma: 2 or 3, dry or moist.
Effervescence: Slightly effervescent through strongly effervescent.
Calcium carbonate equivalent: 5 to 15 percent in the material less than 2 mm.
Value: 6 through 8 dry, 4 through 6 moist.
Chroma: 2 through 4, dry or moist.
Texture: Fine sandy loam or sandy loam.
Rock fragments: 45 to 70 percent, includes stones, cobbles, and gravel.
Consistence: Nonsticky to slightly sticky and nonplastic to slightly plastic, wet.
Secondary calcium carbonate accumulation: Occurs as pendants or coatings on rock fragments or as masses and filaments. Less than 5 percent by volume.
Effervescence: Strongly effervescent or violently effervescent.
Calcium carbonate equivalent: 10 to 20 percent in the material less than 2 mm.
Other features: Accessory silica pendants or coatings are in some pedons.
COMPETING SERIES: These are the
Berzatic soils contain is 15 to 35 percent calcium carbonate.
Singatse soils have bedrock within 25 cm.
Cadrina soils have 18 to 27 percent clay in the particle-size control section and have a mean annual soil temperature of 8 to 10 degrees C.
Sojur soils are less than 25 cm to bedrock.
Tsaya soils contain 18 to 35 percent clay.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Pintwater soils are on mountain backslopes, rock pediments and hills. These soils formed in residuum and colluvium from welded tuff, basalt, tuffaceous rhyolitic, and related rocks. Slopes are 0 to 75 percent. Elevations are 1,220 to 2,600 meters. The mean annual precipitation is 125 to 200 mm, the mean annual temperature is 10 to 12 degrees C, and the frost-free season is 100 to 130 days.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the
Crystal Springs and
Theriot soils. Crystal Springs soils have a petrocalcic horizon. Theriot soils have more than 40 percent calcium carbonate equivalent in their control section.
DRAINAGE AND SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY: Well drained; medium to very high runoff; high saturated hydraulic conductivity.
USE AND VEGETATION: Pintwater soils are used for livestock grzing and wildlife habitat. The soil supports a sparse, stunted growth of shadscale, Nevada ephedra, galleta and annual fescue.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: South-central Nevada. These soils are moderately extensive. MLRA 29.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Davis, California
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Nye County (Big Smokey Valley Area), Nevada, 1972.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon - The zone from the soil surface to 18 cm (A1, A2 and part of Bqk horizons).
Lithic contact - The boundary at 50 cm (R layer)
Particle-size control section - The zone from 25 to 50 cm (Bqk horizon).
National Cooperative Soil Survey