LOCATION WINEG AZEstablished Series
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, mesic Ustic Calciargids
TYPICAL PEDON: Wineg sandy loam - grassland (Colors are for dry soil unless otherwise noted).
A--0 to 2 inches; grayish brown (10YR 5/2) sandy loam, very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2) moist; weak fine granular structure; soft, very friable, nonsticky and nonplastic; many fine and common very fine roots; many very fine interstitial pores; noneffervescent; neutral (pH 7.0); abrupt smooth boundary. (1 to 3 inches thick).
Bt1--2 to 8 inches; brown (7.5YR 4/2) clay loam, dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) moist; weak medium subangular blocky structure; hard, friable, sticky and plastic; very few fine and common very fine roots; very few very fine tubular and common very fine interstitial pores; few thin clay films on ped faces and in pores; noneffervescent; slightly alkaline (pH 7.8); clear smooth boundary. (6 to 14 inches thick).
Bt2--8 to 14 inches; light brown (7.5YR 6/4) gravelly light sandy clay loam, brown (7.5YR 4/4) moist; massive; hard, friable, slightly sticky and plastic; few very fine roots; common very fine interstitial pores; few thin clay films in pores and common thin clay bridges holding mineral grains together; noneffervescent; moderately alkaline (pH 8.0); gradual wavy boundary. (6 to 9 inches thick).
Bk1--14 to 38 inches; pinkish gray (7.5YR 7/2) sandy loam, brown (7.5YR 5/4) moist; many medium distinct white (7.5YR 8/1) lime mottles, pinkish white (7.5YR 8/2) moist; massive; hard, very friable, slightly sticky and slightly plastic; few very fine roots; common very fine interstitial pores; violently effervescent; moderately alkaline (pH 8.4); gradual wavy boundary. (20 to 36 inches thick).
Bk2--38 to 52 inches; pinkish gray (7.5YR 7/2) sandy loam, light brown (7.5YR 6/4) moist; massive; hard, very friable, slightly sticky and slightly plastic; common very fine interstitial and very few very fine tubular pores; weakly cemented; more than 15 percent CaC03; violently effervescent; moderately alkaline (pH 8.4); gradual wavy boundary. (12 to 24 inches thick).
Bk3--52 to 64 inches; pink (7.5YR 7/4) coarse sandy loam, brown (7.5YR 5/4) moist; massive; hard, very friable, slightly sticky and nonplastic; common very fine interstitial and very few fine tubular pores; few discontinuous weakly lime-cemented fragments present, less than 15 percent CaC03; strongly effervescent; moderately alkaline (pH 8.4).
TYPE LOCATION: Yavapai County, Arizona. 0.2 mile south of radio signal station along the outer loop road. 2/10 mile east and 1/10 mile south of the northwest corner of Sec. 9, T15N, R2W, on the Deep Well Ranch, Chino Valley, Arizona.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Thickness of the solum ranges from 13 to 20 inches
Reaction: pH of the soil ranges from 6.5 in the A horizon to 8.4 in the Bk horizon.
Mean annual soil temperature: about 56 degrees F.
Soil moisture: These soils are usually dry in some subhorizon during the months of May and June, and October through November, but are not dry in all horizons between 7 and 20 inches for as long as 60 consecutive days in most years. Ustic aridic moisture regime.
Value: 4 and 5 dry and 2 and 3 moist
Chroma: 2 and 3
Texture: sandy loam, loam and gravelly sandy loam in places. Structure: weak to moderate granular
Hue: 7.5YR and 10YR
Value: 3 through 5 dry and 2 and 3 moist
Chroma: 2 and 3
Texture: clay loam, gravelly sandy clay loam and sandy clay loam
Bk horizons may overlie gravelly alluvium or unrelated lakebed deposits.
COMPETING SERIES: These are the Alvey (UT), Barx (UT), Cabreros (NM), Cerrillos (NM), Clovis (NM), Fernando (NM), Flaco (NM), Horchata (NM), Maysdorf (WY), Millett (AZ), Palabria (NM), Progresso (CO), Sanostee (NM), Scholle (NM), Selpats (WY), Solirec (UT), Spenlo (UT), Threetop (WY), and Tuweep (AZ) series. Alvey soils have hue of 10YR or yellower. Barx soils contain 2.5YR and 5YR hue. Cerrillos soils have a calcic horizon less than 20 inches deep. Clovis soils receive more than half of it annual precipitation between the months of July and October. Fernando soils contain 50 to 80 percent silt in the solum and are mapped in MLRA 51. Cabreros, Flaco, Horchata, Progresso, Sanostee, and Threetop soils are moderately deep over bedrock. Maysdorf soils contain less than 15 percent carbonates in the calcic horizon. Millett soils contain 25 to 75 percent gravel and cobbles in the lower part of the solum. Palabria soils are deep to sandstone. Selpats soils have skeletal lithologic discontinuity at depths ranging from 15 to 39 inches. Scholle soils contain 15 to 35 percent gravel in the control section. Solirec soils receive maximum precipitation in spring and fall. Cerrillos, Clovis, Millett and Scholle soils have hue of 7.5YR or redder in the B2t horizon. Fernando soils are deeper than 20 inches to the calcic horizon. Spenlo soils have a solum more than 40 inches thick and are noncalcareous to a depth of 35 to 44 inches. Tuweep soils are warmer and drier.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: The Wineg soils are at elevations of 4000 to 6000 feet on nearly level to strongly sloping alluvial fans and plains. The slopes range from 1 to 15 percent. The regolith consists of mixed alluvium dominantly from granite, basalt, schist and sandstone. The climate is semiarid. The average annual precipitation is 14 to 16 inches, which occurs as thunderstorms in July, August and September, and as rain and snow during the winter months. The mean annual air temperature is about 53 degrees F. The average January temperature is about 35 degrees F., and the average July temperature is about 73 degrees F.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the Abra, Cordes, Lonti, and Lynx soils in addition to the Balon and Poley soils. Abra soils are strongly calcareous throughout and lack a Bt horizon. The Cordes solls are deep, recent alluvial solls that are moderately coarse-textured. Lonti soils have fine-textured B2t horizons. Lynx soils do not have a calcic or a Bt horizon.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Well-drained. Surface runoff is medium. Permeability is moderately slow.
USE AND VEGETATION: The soils are used for both rangeland and irrigated crops. Cultivated crops include corn, small grains, alfalfa, irrigated pastures and other locally adapted crops. Native vegetation includes blue, black and sideoats grama, ring muhly, snakeweed and scattered occasional juniper and oakbrush.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: North central Yavapai County, Arizona. Wineg soils are of moderate extent in Yavapai County, consisting of about 25,000 acres. MLRA 35.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Phoenix, Arizona
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Western Yavapai County Area, Yavapai County, Arizona, 1971. Name is coined from the word Wineglass. Wineglass is the name of a ranch in Big Chino Valley, Arizona.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizon and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon- the zone from 0 to 2 inches (A horizon)
Argillic horizon -the zone from 2 to 14 inches (Bt horizon)
Calcic horizon - the zone from 14 to 64 inches (Bk horizons)
Classified according to Soil Taxonomy Second Edition, 1999; Keys to Soil Taxonomy Tenth Edition, 2006.
This soil was formerly classified in the Brown great soil group.