LOCATION CATOOSA OK+KS MO
The Catoosa series consists of moderately deep, well drained soils that formed in material weathered from Pennsylvanian age limestone. Catoosa soils are on nearly level to sloping convex uplands in the Cherokee Prairies. Slope ranges from 0 to 8 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 1041 mm (41 inches),and mean annual temperature is about 16 degrees C (61 degrees F).
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, thermic Typic Argiudolls
TYPICAL PEDON: Catoosa silt loam, on summit of interfluve, at an elevation of 242 meters (794 feet) above mean sea level. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
A--0 to 25 cm (0 to 10 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) silt loam, brown (7.5YR 5/2) dry; moderate fine granular structure; slightly hard, friable; slightly acid; gradual smooth boundary. [15 to 36 cm (6 to 14 inches) thick]
Bt1--25 to 38 cm (10 to 15 inches); dark reddish brown (5YR 3/3) silty clay loam, reddish brown (5YR 4/3) dry; moderate medium granular structure; Clay films on faces of peds; hard, friable; moderately acid; gradual smooth boundary. [8 to 25 cm (3 to 10 inches) thick]
Bt2--38 to 71 cm (15 to 28 inches); dark reddish brown (5YR 3/4) silty clay loam, reddish brown (5YR 4/4) dry; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; hard, firm; clay films on faces of peds; few fine black concretions; few fine distinct dark red redoximorphic concentration masses; slightly acid; abrupt wavy boundary. [25 to 71 cm (10 to 28 inches) thick]
R--71 to 102 cm (28 to 40 inches); hard limestone bedrock.
TYPE LOCATION: Tulsa County, Oklahoma; about 8 kilometers (5 miles) north of Broken Arrow; 670 meters (2,200 feet) south and 533 meters (1,750 feet) west of the northeast corner of sec. 15, T. 19 N., R. 14 E.; USGS Mingo, Oklahoma topographic quadrangle; lat. 36 degrees 7 minutes 39.75 seconds N. and long. 95 degrees 48 minutes 11.60 seconds W.; UTM Zone 15, 247729 easting and 4001759 northing, NAD 83.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Depth to lithic contact: 51 to 102 cm (20 to 40 inches).
Depth to top of the argillic horizon: 15 to 71 cm (6 to 28 inches).
Thickness of the mollic epipedon: 0 to 58 cm (0 to 23 inches)
Thickness of the solum: 51 to 102 cm (20 to 40 inches).
Particle-size control section: averages 28 to 35 percent clay
Hue: 5YR to 10YR
Value: 2 to 3
Chroma: 2 to 3
Texture: loam, silt loam
Reaction: moderately acid to slightly acid.
BA horizon: (where present)
Hue: 5YR to 7.5YR
Value: 2 to 4
Chroma: 2 to 4
Texture: loam, silt loam, clay loam, silty clay loam
Reaction: moderately acid to slightly acid.
Hue: 2.5YR to 7.5YR
Value: 2 to 4
Chroma: 2 to 6
Texture: silty clay loam, clay loam
Clay content: 32 to 39 percent
Rock fragment content: 10 percent by volume of chert and/or limestone fragments less than 76 mm in diameter
Reaction: strongly acid to neutral
R layer: grayish hard limestone bedrock from 2 to several feet thick.
COMPETING SERIES: These are the
Mer Rouge, and
Tiptonville series in the same family. Soils in similar families are
Okay series. Caspiana, Dardanelle, Deepwater, Lula, Mason, Mer Rouge, Newtonia, and Tiptonville soils have a solum more than 102 cm (40 inches) thick. Ashwood soils have a fine control section. Claremore soils have a solum less than 51 cm (20 inches) thick. Fitzhugh and Okay soils have a fine-loamy control section. Nowata soils have a loamy-skeletal control section.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Catoosa soils are on nearly level to sloping convex uplands in the Cherokee Prairies. Slope ranges from 0 to 8 percent. The soils formed in material weathered from limestone of Pennsylvanian age. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 940 to 1143 mm (37 to 45 inches). Mean annual temperature ranges from 14 to 18 degrees C (57 to 64 degrees F). Frost-free period is 200 to 220 days. Elevation is 175 to 265 meters (574 to 869 feet) above mean sea level. Thornthwaite annual P-E indices are more than 64.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the
Summit series. Claremore soils occur on ridges or on areas nearest a bluff. Lenapah, Scullin, and Summit soils have a fine control section. Lenapah and Scullin soils occur on areas similar to the Catoosa soils. Lula and Newtonia soils occur on broad slightly concave flats. Summit soils occur on side slopes. Shidler soils have a solum less than 51 cm (20 inches) thick and occur on ridges.
DRAINAGE AND SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY: Well drained. Potential for surface runoff is slow to medium. Saturated hydraulic conductivity is moderately high (1.0 to 10.0 micrometers per second). Permeability is moderate.
USE AND VEGETATION: Soils are used for native meadow or range. Less sloping areas are cultivated to small grains, grain sorghums, or used for tame pasture. Native vegetation is tallgrass prairie.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: MLRAs 76, 84A, 112 and 117 in Oklahoma, Kansas, and possibly Missouri. The type location is in MLRA 112. The soil is of moderate extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Indianapolis, Indiana
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Wagoner County, Oklahoma; 1972.
REMARKS: These soils were formerly included in the Newtonia
Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Mollic epipedon: from the surface to a depth of 38 cm (15 inches) (A, Bt1 horizons).
Argillic horizon: from a depth of 38 to 71 cm (15 to 28 inches) (Bt2 horizons).
NASIS data mapunit ID 745323 represents the typical pedon. Other NASIS DMU ID's are 745324 representing other phases to the series.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Lab data is available for the series (User Pedon ID 2000OK143006, 1972OK145004 and S1996OK143005 or Lab Pedon Number 96P0386) from KSSL.
National Cooperative Soil Survey