LOCATION KANAPAHA           FL
Established Series
Rev. BPT:AGH
08/2001

KANAPAHA SERIES


The Kanapaha series consists of poorly drained soils with a slowly
or moderately slowly permeable subsoil. The soils formed in thick beds of sandy and loamy marine sediments. They are on nearly
level to gently sloping landscapes of upland position in the lower Coastal Plain. Slopes range from 0 to 5 percent.

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy, siliceous, semiactive, hyperthermic Grossarenic Paleaquults

TYPICAL PEDON: Kanapaha fine sand--cultivated.
(Colors are for moist soils.)

Ap--0 to 7 inches; gray (10YR 5/1) fine sand; weak medium
crumb structure; very friable; common fine roots; common uncoated sand grains; few fine phosphatic pebbles and iron concretions; strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (4 to 8 inches thick)

E1--7 to 40 inches; light gray (10YR 7/1) fine sand; few
medium faint white (10YR 8/1) splotches and few medium and large krotovinas of gray (10YR 5/1) in upper part of horizon; few medium distinct light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4) mottles in lower part of horizon; single grained; few fine roots; sand grains are uncoated; few fine phosphatic pebbles and iron concretions; very strongly
acid; clear wavy boundary.

E2--40 to 48 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) fine sand; single
grained; loose; few fine roots; few fine phosphatic pebbles;
common medium, slightly firm strong brown concretions; some
uncoated sand grains; very strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (Combined thickness of the E horizon is 34 to 70 inches.)

Btg1--48 to 55 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) fine sandy loam; few
fine and medium distinct yellowish brown (10YR 5/8) mottles; weak medium subangular blocky structure; very friable; clay bridging between sand grains; fine weathered phosphatic pebbles and iron concretions; few fine roots; very strongly acid; clear wavy
boundary.

Btg2--55 to 70 inches; gray (N 5/0) sandy clay; few fine and medium prominent red (10R 4/8) and few fine distinct yellowish
brown mottles; moderate medium subangular blocky structure;
friable; very few fine roots; discontinuous patches of clay films along root channels and faces of peds; 3 percent plinthite; very strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (Combined thickness of the B horizon is 14 to 30 inches.)

BCg--70 to 82 inches; gray (10YR 5/1) sandy clay loam; few medium distinct brownish yellow (10YR 6/8) and few medium
prominent yellowish red (5YR 5/6) mottles; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; 4 percent plinthite; very strongly
acid; gradual wavy boundary. (6 to 20 inches thick)

Cg--82 to 88 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) sandy clay loam, mixed
with medium and large strata and bodies of sandy loam and loamy
sand; few medium distinct yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) and few fine prominent yellowish red (5YR 5/6) mottles; massive; friable; 3 percent plinthite; very strongly acid.

TYPE LOCATION: Marion County, Florida, about 3 miles southwest of Ocala; 1/2 mile south of intersection of State Highway 475 and Buffington Road; about 600 feet west of southwest Seventh Avenue. NW1/4NE1/4 sec. 6, T. 15 S., R. 22 E.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Solum thickness is 60 or more inches.
The soil is very strongly acid to medium acid in all horizons. Content of plinthite, weathered phosphatic pebbles and iron concretions ranges from 0 to 5 percent in the solum.

The A or Ap horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 3 to 6, and chroma
of 1 or 2. Texture is sand or fine sand.

The E horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 1 or
2, with or without mottles or streaks in shades of gray, yellow,
and brown. Texture is sand or fine sand.

The Btg horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 1
or 2; or is neutral with value of 4 to 6. It has few to many
mottles in shades of red, yellow, and brown. Texture is sandy
loam to light sandy clay. The weighted average clay content in
the upper 20 inches of the Btg horizon is 16 to 35 percent. The
BCg horizon has about the same range as the Btg horizon.

The Cg horizon, where present, has hue of 10YR, value of 4 to 7,
and chroma of 1 or 2; or is neutral with value of 4 to 6. It is massive and has texture of sandy loam or sandy clay loam with
medium or large masses of coarser or finer textured material.

COMPETING SERIES: These are the Palmetto series in the same
family, and the Holopaw series which is closely similar. Palmetto and Holopaw soils are in the lowlands. Palmetto soils have a Bh horizon and Holopaw soils have more than 35 percent base
saturation in the argillic horizon.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Kanapaha soils are on low, nearly level or gently sloping landscapes of upland position in the lower Coastal Plain. Slopes range from 0 to 5 percent. The soils formed in
thick beds of sandy and loamy marine sediments. Near the type location, average annual rainfall is about 59 inches and mean
annual air temperature is about 72 degrees F.

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Arredondo, Bivans, Blichton, Boardman, Kendrick, Lochloosa, Millhopper, Sparr, and Wacahoota series. Arredondo and Kendrick soils are well drained. Bivans and Boardman soils have an argillic horizon within 20
inches of the soil surface. Lochloosa and Sparr soils are
somewhat poorly drained. Millhopper soils are moderately well drained. Wacahoota soils have an argillic horizon between a depth
of 20 to 40 inches below the soil surface.

DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Poorly drained; moderately slow or
slow permeability; slow runoff. The water table in these soils is
at depths of less than 10 inches for 1 to 3 months and it recedes
to depths of 10 to 40 inches for 3 to 4 months during most years. It is at depths grater than 40 inches during drier periods.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most of these soils are in forest. Small
areas where adequate water control is established are used for growing corn, watermelons, citrus, and tomatoes. Most of the
cleared areas are used for improved pasture. Native vegetation consists of sweetgum, maple, live and water oaks; magnolia,
hickory, slash, longleaf and loblolly pine; and an understory of several bluestem species, longleaf uniola, hairy panicum, several threeawn species and numerous forbs.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Peninsular Florida, primarily the
Central Florida Ridge. The series is moderately extensive.

MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Alachua County, Florida; l942.


National Cooperative Soil Survey
U. S. A.