LOCATION BUSH RIVER         SC+GA
Established Series
HEH-MLB/Rev. DTA
03/2009

BUSH RIVER SERIES


MLRA(s): 136
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
Depth Class: Deep
Agricultural Drainage Class: Moderately well drained
Permeability: Slow
Surface Runoff: Moderate
Landscape: Piedmont uplands
Landform: Interstream divides, ridges, and side slopes
Parent Material: Residuum weathered from mixed felsic, intermediate, or mafic igneous or high-grade metamorphic rocks
Slope: Typically, 2 to 15 percent, but may range up to 25 percent
Mean Annual Air Temperature (type location): 60 degrees F.
Mean Annual Precipitation (type location): 47 inches

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine, mixed, semiactive, thermic Aquic Hapludults

TYPICAL PEDON: Bush River sandy loam on an upland ridge, in a wooded site. (Colors are for moist soil.)

A--0 to 4 inches; brown (10YR 5/3) sandy loam; weak fine granular structure; very friable; nonsticky, nonplastic; common fine and medium and few coarse roots; moderately acid; abrupt smooth boundary. (1 to 10 inches thick)

E--4 to 10 inches; light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4) sandy loam; weak fine granular structure; very friable; nonsticky, nonplastic; common fine and medium and few coarse roots; moderately acid; clear smooth boundary. (0 to 10 inches thick)

BEt--10 to 14 inches; brownish yellow (10YR 6/8) sandy clay loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few fine and medium roots; few faint clay films on faces of peds; moderately acid; clear smooth boundary. (0 to 8 inches thick)

Bt1--14 to 23 inches; brownish yellow (10YR 6/8) clay; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; firm, moderately sticky, moderately plastic; few fine and medium roots; common distinct clay films on faces of peds; few medium prominent red (2.5YR 4/8) soft masses of iron accumulation; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary.

Bt2--23 to 34 inches; mottled brownish yellow (10YR 6/8), red (2.5YR 4/8), and light gray (2.5Y 7/2) clay; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; very firm; very sticky, very plastic; few fine and medium roots; common distinct clay films on faces of peds; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary. (Combined thickness of the Bt horizons is 9 to 40 inches.)

BCt--34 to 46 inches; mottled brownish yellow (10YR 6/8), light brownish gray (10YR 6/2), and reddish yellow (5YR 6/8) sandy clay loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few fine and medium roots; few distinct clay films on surfaces along root channels; very strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (0 to 15 inches thick)

Crt--46 to 60 inches; highly fractured, weathered bedrock; few distinct clay films along cracks; very strongly acid.

TYPE LOCATION: Newberry County, South Carolina From Newberry, west about 11 miles on County Road 58 to intersection with County Road 22, southwest 0.33 mile on County Road 22, northwest 0.63 mile on logging road, 224 degrees southwest for 219 feet, in woods. USGS Bush River, SC topographic quadrangle; lat. 34 degrees 17 minutes 28 seconds N. and long. 81 degrees 49 minutes 10 seconds W (NAD 27).

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Solum Thickness: 40 to 60 inches
Depth to Soft Bedrock: 40 to 60 inches
Depth to Hard Bedrock: Greater than 60 inches
Depth to Seasonal High Water Table: 1.5 to 2.5 feet; perched
Fragments: 0 to 15 percent, by volume rounded and subrounded quartz and pararock fragments throughout the solum
Soil Reaction: Very strongly acid to moderately acid throughout, except where surface layers have been limed

RANGE OF INDIVIDUAL HORIZONS:

A or Ap horizon:
Color--hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 3 to 6, and chroma of 1 to 4
Texture--sandy loam, loam, or fine sandy loam

E horizon:
Color--hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 2 to 4
Texture-loamy sand or sandy loam

BEt or BE horizon:
Color--hue of 7.5YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 3 to 8
Texture--sandy clay loam or clay loam

Bt horizon:
Color--hue of 5YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 3 to 8. Hues of 5YR and mottled colors are mostly confined to lower Bt horizons.
Texture--clay, sandy clay, clay loam, or sandy clay loam. Textures of sandy clay loam are confined to thin subhorizons.
Redoximorphic features: iron masses in shades of red, yellow, or brown and iron depletions in shades of gray or yellow

Btg horizon (if it occurs):
Color--hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 4 to 7, and chroma of 1
or 2
Texture--clay, sandy clay, or clay loam
Redoximorphic features: iron masses in shades of red, yellow, or brown are in most pedons

BCt or BC horizon:
Color--hue of 5YR to 10YR, value of 5 or 6, and chroma of 4 to 8. Hues of 5YR and mottled colors are confined to lower horizons.
Texture--clay loam, sandy clay loam, or sandy loam
Redoximorphic features: iron masses in shades of red, yellow, or brown and iron depletions in shades of gray or yellow

BCg horizon (if it occurs):
Color--hue of 10YR, value of 6 or 7, and chroma of 1
Texture--clay loam, sandy clay loam, or sandy loam
Redoximorphic features: iron accumulations in shades of red, yellow, or brown are in most pedons
C or Ct horizon (if it occurs):
Color--hue of 5YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 3 to 8.
Texture--sandy loam, fine sandy loam, sandy clay loam, or loam saprolite. Seams of clay or clay loam are in some pedons.
Mottles: lithochromic mottles in shades of red, yellow, brown, gray, or white may be present

Crt horizon:
Weathered, highly to slightly fractured mixed felsic, intermediate, or mafic igneous or high-grade metamorphic bedrock

COMPETING SERIES:
Prosperity soils--have a depth to paralithic contact of 20 to 40 inches
Helena soils--have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Creedmoor soils--formed in Triassic Basin sediments and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Dogue soils--formed in alluvial sediments and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Lignum soils--formed in Carolina slate or other fine-grained metamorphic rocks
Cid soils--formed in Carolina slate or other fine-grained metamorphic rocks and have a depth to paralithic contact of 20 to 40 inches
Mandale (T) soils--formed in Carolina slate or other fine-grained metamorphic rocks and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING:
Landscape: Thermic regions of the Southern Piedmont
Landform: Interstream divides, ridges, and side slopes
Parent Material: Residuum weathered from mixed felsic, intermediate, or mafic igneous or high-grade metamorphic rocks, such as aplitic granite or granite gneiss that is cut by dykes of gabbro and diorite, or mixed with hornblende schist or hornblende gneiss
Mean Annual Air Temperature: 60 degrees F
Mean Annual Precipitation: 47 inches
Frost Free Period: 180 to 260 days

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS:
In addition to the competing Helena and Prosperity soils they are:
Hard Labor soils--are oxyaquic and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches and are intermingled in some areas
Cecil soils--are well drained, have a dominant red color in the subsoil, and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Pacolet soils--are well drained, have a dominant red color in the subsoil, and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Rion soils--are well drained, have a fine loamy particle size class, and have a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Santuc soils--have a fine-loamy particle size class and a depth to paralithic contact of more than 60 inches
Winnsboro soils--are well drained and formed from weathered dark colored basic rocks with a base saturation of greater than 35 percent above the contact
Wynott soils--are well drained, have a depth to paralithic contact of 20 to 40 inches, and formed from weathered dark colored basic rocks with a base saturation of greater than 35 percent above the contact

DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY:
Agricultural Drainage Class: Moderately well drained
Surface Runoff: Moderate
Permeability of Restrictive Layer (upper 60 inches): Slow

USE AND VEGETATION:
Major Uses: mixed hardwood and pine forest
Dominant Vegetation: Where forested--loblolly pine, red maple, sweet gum, black gum, water oak, winged elm, and willow oak.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT:
Distribution: Thermic region of Piedmont in South Carolina and possibly Georgia
Extent: Small

MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Newberry County, South Carolina, 2005

REMARKS: Bush River soils were previously included in mapping with Helena soils. Helena soils have a depth to paralithic contact of greater than 60 inches. The March 2009 version increases the slope to 25%-DTA.
Diagnostic horizons and soil characteristics recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon--the zone from the soil surface to a depth of 10 inches (A and E horizon)
Argillic horizon--the zone from 10 to 46 inches (Bt and BCt horizons)
Series control section--the zone from 0 to 60 inches

ADDITIONAL DATA:
Characterization samples have been submitted to the National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln, Nebraska. (S00SC-071-004-01-07).

TABULAR SERIES DATA:

Soil Name    Slope   Airtemp  FrFr/Seas   Precip    Elevation
Bush River   2-15    57-65    180-260     40-55     250-600

FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness NONE 1.5-2.5 Perched DEC-MAR 40-60 Soft

Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC- 0-10 SL, L, FSL 0-0 95-100 7-20 - 10-14 SCL, CL 0-0 95-100 18-35 - 14-34 C, SC, CL 0-0 95-100 35-55 - 34-46 CL SCL SL 0-0 95-100 27-35 - 46-60 WB - - - -

Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll- 0-10 3.6-5.5 1-3 0-0 0.6-2.0 LOW 10-14 3.6-5.5 .5-1 0-0 0.2-0.6 LOW 14-34 3.6-5.5 0.-.5 0-0 0.06-0.2 HIGH 34-46 3.6-5.5 0.-.5 0-0 0.2-0.6 MODERATE 46-60 - - - -


National Cooperative Soil Survey
U.S.A.