LOCATION CHIPLEY FL+AL GA NC SC TX VA
The Chipley series consists of very deep, somewhat poorly drained, very rapid or rapidly permeable soils on uplands in the lower Coastal Plain. They formed in thick deposits of sandy marine sediments. Near the type location, the mean annual temperature is about 68 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation is about 55 inches. Slopes range from 0 to 8 percent.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Thermic, coated Aquic Quartzipsamments
TYPICAL PEDON: Chipley sand--wooded. (Colors are for moist soil.)
A1--0 to 3 inches; very dark gray (10YR 3/1) sand; single grained; loose; many fine roots; strongly acid; gradual smooth boundary.
A2--3 to 6 inches; dark gray (10YR 4/1) sand; single grained; loose; many fine roots; strongly acid; gradual irregular boundary. (Combined thickness of the A horizons range from 3 to 16 inches.)
C1--6 to 16 inches; light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4) sand; common fine and medium distinct yellowish brown coats and few medium distinct dark gray (10YR 4/1) streaks along the root channels; single grained; loose; few fine roots; strongly acid; gradual irregular boundary. (8 to 13 inches thick)
C2--16 to 32 inches; brownish yellow (10YR 6/6) sand; single grained; loose; few fine roots; common fine and medium faint strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) masses of iron accumulation; few fine faint streaks of light gray (10YR 7/1) iron depletions; strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary. (14 to 24 inches thick)
C3--32 to 55 inches; 34 percent brownish yellow (10YR 6/6), 33 percent light gray (10YR 7/2) and 33 percent strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) sand; single grained; loose; few fine roots; the areas in colors of brownish yellow and strong brown are masses of iron accumulation and the areas in colors of light gray are iron depletions; strongly acid; gradual irregular boundary. (10 to 24 inches thick)
Cg--55 to 77 inches; light gray (10YR 7/2) sand; single grained; loose; very few fine roots; many coarse distinct very pale brown (10YR 7/4) and common medium distinct yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) masses of iron accumulation; strongly acid; gradual smooth boundary.
TYPE LOCATION: Washington County, Florida, approximately 0.75 mile southwest of Greenhead Community, NW1/4, NW1/4, sec. 17, R. 14 W., T. 1 N.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Silt plus clay content between depths of 10 and 40 inches is 5 to 10 percent. Reaction ranges from extremely acid to moderately acid in the A horizon except where limed and from very strongly acid to slightly acid in the C horizon.
The A or Ap horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 2 to 5, and chroma of 1 to 3. Where value is 3.5 or less, thickness is less than 10 inches. Texture is sand or fine sand.
The C horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 4 to 8, and chroma of 1 to 8. Redoximorphic features in shades of gray, red, brown or yellow range from few to many. Some pedons have a few streaks of gray to light gray uncoated sand grains along root channels in the upper part of the C horizon. Texture is sand or fine sand.
The Cg horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 4 to 8, and chroma of 2 or less; or it is neutral with value of 4 to 8. Redoximorphic features in shades of red, brown, yellow or gray range from few to many. Some pedons have a few streaks of gray to light gray uncoated sand grains along root channels in the upper part of the C horizon. Texture is sand or fine sand.
COMPETING SERIES: These include the
Pactolus series. Kawah soils have some development in the profile. Lotus soils are on flood plains and have buried A horizons. Pactolus soils have 10 to 25 percent silt plus clay in the control section.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Chipley soils are on uplands of the Southern Coastal Plain. They formed in thick sandy marine sediments. Slopes range from 0 to 8 percent. The average annual precipitation ranges from 50 to 60 inches and the average annual temperature ranges from 65 to 70 degrees F.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the
Rutlege series. Alaga, Alpin, Lakeland, and Kershaw soils do not have water tables. Albany soils have Bt horizons between depths of 40 to 80 inches. Foxworth soils are moderately well drained to somewhat excessively drained. Leon and Plummer soils are poorly drained and Rutlege soils are very poorly drained. In addition, Leon soils are Spodosols, Plummer soils have Bt horizons between depths of 40 to 80 inches, and Rutlege soils have umbric epipedons.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Somewhat poorly drained; very rapid or rapid permeability.
USE AND VEGETATION: Many areas of Chipley soil have been cleared and are used for cropland, pasture, and hayland. Natural vegetation consists of slash pine, longleaf pine, blackjack oak, turkey oak, post oak, several bluestem species, low panicums, and purple lovegrass.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Florida, southeastern Alabama, southern Georgia, eastern North Carolina, and South Carolina. These soils are of large extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama.
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Pitt County, North Carolina; 1969.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon - the zone from the surface to 6 inches (A1, A2 horizons).
Chipley soils have a seasonal high water table between the depths of 18 to 36 inches for 2 to 4 months during most years.
SOI-5 Soil Name Slope Airtemp FrFr/Seas Precip Elevation
FL0046 CHIPLEY 0-8 65-70 230-310 50-60 30-150
SOI-5 FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness
FL0046 None 1.5-3.0 Apparent Dec-Apr >60 N/A
SOI-5 Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% CEC
FL0046 0-6 S FS 0-0 100-100 1-5 3-8
FL0046 6-77 S FS 0-0 100-100 1-7 2-3
SOI-5 Depth pH O.M Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll
FL0046 0-6 3.6-6.0 2-5 0-2 >6.0 LOW
FL0046 6-77 4.0-6.5 0-.5 0-2 >6.0 LOW
National Cooperative Soil Survey