LOCATION LAKELAND FL+AL GA LA MD MS NC NJ SC VA
Rev. AGH; GRB
The Lakeland series consists of very deep, excessively drained, rapid to very rapidly permeable soils on uplands. They formed in thick beds of eolian or marine and/or fluvio-marine sands in the Southern Coastal Plain MLRA (133A), the Carolina and Georgia Sandhills (MLRA 137), the Eastern Gulf Coast Flatwoods (MLRA 152A) and the Atlantic Coast Flatwoods (MLRA 153A).Near the type location, the mean annual temperature is about 67 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation is about 52 inches. Slopes are dominantly from 0 to 12 percent but can range to 85 percent in dissected areas.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Thermic, coated Typic Quartzipsamments
TYPICAL PEDON: Lakeland sand, in a forested area (Colors are for moist soil).
A--0 to 3 inches; very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2) crushed and rubbed sand; single grain; loose; common uncoated sand grains; common fine and medium roots; strongly acid, clear wavy boundary. (2 to 9 inches thick)
C1--3 to 10 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) sand; common medium faint yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) mottles; single grain; loose; common fine and medium roots; few uncoated sand grains; strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C2--10 to 43 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/8) sand; single grain; loose; few fine roots; few uncoated sand grains; strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C3--43 to 64 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/8) sand; few medium faint very pale brown (10YR 7/3) mottles and streaks; single grain; loose; many uncoated sand grains; strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C4--64 to 80 inches; very pale brown (10YR 7/4) sand; single grain; loose; many uncoated sand grains; few medium distinct yellowish red (5YR 5/8) masses of iron accumulation; strongly acid. (Combined thickness of the C horizons ranges from 71 to more than 98 inches)
TYPE LOCATION: Calhoun County, Florida; approximately 6.0 miles west of Chason on Florida State Highway 274; NE1/4, NE1/4, Sec. 3l, T. 2 N., R. l0 W.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Thickness of the sand exceeds 80 inches. Silt plus clay in the 10 to 40-inch control section ranges from 5 to 10 percent. Reaction ranges from very strongly acid to moderately acid throughout except where the surface has been limed.
The A or Ap horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 3 to 5, and chroma of l to 4. Uncoated sand grains with hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 7 or 8, and chroma of 1 or 2 ranges from none to many. Texture is sand or fine sand.
Some pedons have an A/C horizon that is a mixture in shades of gray, yellow, and brown. Texture is sand or fine sand.
The C horizon has hue of 5YR to 2.5Y, value of 4 to 8, and chroma of 2 to 8. Horizons with chroma of 2 are not indicative of wetness. Small pockets of sand grains in shades of gray not related to wetness or masses of iron accumulation in shades of yellow or brown may occur in some pedons below depths of 40 inches.
COMPETING SERIES: These include the
Wando series. Alaga and Darden soils have 10 to 25 percent silt plus clay in the 10 to 40-inch control section. In addition, Darden soils have weakly expressed cambic horizons. Bigbee soils are on lower adjacent positions that are subject to flooding and have a water table 20 to 40 inches below the surface for short periods. Cainhoy soils have a spodic horizon below 80 inches. The moderately well to somewhat excessively drained Foxworth soils are on lower positions. McNeely soils have weakly developed cambic horizons. Tonkawa soils have a moisture control section that is dry for 125-150 cumulative days for most years. The somewhat excessively drained Turkey soils have 10 to 18 percent silt plus clay in the 10 to 40-inch control section. The well drained Wando soils have 5 to 20 percent silt plus clay in the 10 to 40-inch control section.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Lakeland soils are on broad to narrow uplands in the Southern Coastal Plain. They formed in eolian or marine and/or fluvio-marine sands. Slopes are dominantly 0 to 12 percent but may range up to 85 percent in highly dissected areas. The climate is humid subtropical. The average annual air temperature ranges from 62 to 71 degrees F., and the average annual precipitation ranges from 45 to 60 inches.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the competing
Foxworth soils along with the
Wakulla soils. The somewhat poorly drained Albany soils are on lower adjacent positions and have an argillic horizon 40 to 80 below the surface. Alpin soils are on similar positions and have lamellae that are generally less than 5 mm in thickness below a depth of 40 inches. The moderately well to somewhat excessively drained Blanton and the well-drained Bonifay soils have an argillic horizon in shades of yellow 40 to 80 inches below the surface. The moderately well drained Centenary soils are on lower positions and have spodic horizons. The well drained Chipola and Lucy soils have an argillic horizon 20 to 40 inches below the surface. The somewhat poorly drained Chipley soils are on lower positions. The somewhat excessively drained Eglin soils have a spodic horizon 68 to 80 inches below the surface. Kershaw and Kureb soils have less than 5 percent silt plus clay in the 10 to 40-inch control section. In additions, Kureb soils have weakly developed spodic horizons. The well to somewhat excessively drained Lucknow soils are on lower positions and have a seasonal high water table between 40 and 72 inches below the surface. The poorly drained Osier and Plummer soils are in lower adjacent drainageways. In addition, Plummer soils have an argillic horizon 40 to 80 inches below the surface. The somewhat excessively drained Troup soils occur are on similar to lower positions and have an argillic horizon within 40 to 80 inches of the surface. The somewhat excessively drained Wakulla soils have a weakly expressed argillic horizon within the control section.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Excessively drained; rapid to very rapid permeability; slow runoff.
USE AND VEGETATION: Many areas are cleared and used for peanuts, watermelons, peaches, corn, tobacco, and improved pasture. The natural vegetation consists of blackjack oak, turkey oak, post oak; scattered long leaf pine with an understory of creeping bluestem, sandy bluestem, lopsided indiangrass, hairy panicum, fringeleaf paspalum, and native annual forbs.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain and sand hills of the thermic belt from Mississippi to Virginia. The series is of large extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama.
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Alachua County, Florida; 1947.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon:
Ochric epipedon - 0 to 3 inches (A horizon).
Coated feature - The fine-earth fraction contains 5 to 10 percent by weight silt plus clay.
Depth to seasonal water table is more than 80 inches.
Lakeland soils are in MLRAs 133A, 137, 152A and 153A.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Laboratory data is available on the National Soil Survey website at: http://ncsslabdatamart.sc.egov.usda.gov/querypage.aspx
Laboratory data is provided by Auburn University, Soil Characterization Laboratory, Auburn AL, National Soil Survey Laboratory, Lincoln, NE. and the University of Florida, Department of Soil and Water Science, Gainesville, FL. http://soils.ifas.ufl.edu/flsoils/index.asp
National Cooperative Soil Survey