LOCATION FAYWOOD KY+OH VA WVEstablished Series
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine, mixed, active, mesic Typic Hapludalfs
TYPICAL PEDON: Faywood silt loam--on a 10 percent slope in pasture. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
Ap--0 to 6 inches; dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) silt loam; moderate fine granular structure; very friable; many fine roots throughout; neutral; clear smooth boundary. (3 to 8 inches thick)
Bt1--6 to 18 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) silty clay loam; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; firm, moderately sticky, slightly plastic; common fine roots throughout; 30 percent discontinuous faint clay films on faces of peds and in pores; 1 percent fine prominent spherical weakly cemented black (7.5YR 2.5/1) iron-manganese concretions with sharp boundaries throughout; slightly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
Bt2--18 to 30 inches; yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) silty clay; 5 percent fine distinct pale brown (10YR 6/3), 5 percent fine distinct light olive brown (2.5Y 5/4), and 5 percent fine faint strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) mottles; moderate medium angular blocky structure; very firm, very sticky, moderately plastic; few fine roots between peds; 30 percent continuous faint clay films on vertical faces of peds; 1 percent fine prominent spherical weakly cemented black (7.5YR 2.5/1) iron-manganese concretions with sharp boundaries throughout; neutral; abrupt smooth boundary. (combined thickness of the Bt horizon ranges from 20 to 30 inches)
R--30 inches; hard light gray limestone and interbedded thin layers of shale.
TYPE LOCATION: Woodford County, Kentucky; 290 yards south of Scott's Ferry Road, about 0.25 miles east of junction of Scott's Ferry Road and Kentucky Highway 1964; about 3.8 miles southwest of Versailles. USGS Tyrone Quadrangle (Latitude: 38 degrees, 0 minutes, 24 seconds North; Longitude: 84 degrees, 45 minutes, 38 seconds West; UTM Easting 696602 UTM Northing 4208922)
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Solum thickness and depth to bedrock is 20 to 40 inches. Limestone and shale flagstones and channers range from 0 to 15 percent in the solum and up to 35 percent in the substratum. The reaction ranges from mildly alkaline to strongly acid.
The Ap horizon has hue of 10YR, value of 4 or 5, and chroma of 2 to 4. In severely eroded areas the hue, value, and chroma are like that the of Bt horizon. A few pedons have an A horizon less than 7 inches thick with a value of 3. Texture is silt loam or silty clay loam. Eroded areas allow a silty clay texture.
The BA horizon, where present, has hue of 10YR or 7.5YR, value of 4 to 6, and chroma of 3 to 5. Texture is silt loam or silty clay loam.
The Bt horizon has hue of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 4 to 6, and chroma of 4 to 8. The lower part is commonly mottled in shades of brown or olive. Texture is heavy silty clay loam to clay.
The BC or C horizons, where present, have colors and textures like the lower part of the Bt horizon.
COMPETING SERIES: These are the Beasley, Brashear, Bratton, Caneyville, Donahue, Eden, Fredonia, Haggatt, Heitt, Lowell, Markland, Shrouts, and Solway Series. Beasley, Eden, Shrouts, and Solway soils have paralithic contact at 20 to 40 inches. Brashear soils can be moderately well drained. Bratton soils have a lithologic discontinuity at 10 to 22 inches. Caneyville, Fredonia, and Heitt soils have hue redder than 7.5YR in at least some part of the B horizon. Donahue soils have more than 20 percent sand in the upper part of the solum. Haggatt and Lowell soils have a lithic or paralithic contact deeper than 40 inches. Markland soils have stratified lacustrine C horizons below 20 to 44 inches.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Faywood soils are on ridgetops and side slopes of dissected uplands. Some areas have rock outcrops and some are karst. Slopes range from 2 to 60 percent. These soils formed in limestone residuum interbedded with thin layers of shale. Some areas are interbedded with siltstone. The mean annual precipitation is about 45 inches and the mean annual temperature is about 54 degrees F.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Ashton, Bluegrass, Caleast, Cynthiana, Donerail, Elk, Fairmount, Loradale, Lowell, McAfee, and Nicholson series. Ashton soils are located on low stream terraces and alluvial fans, have a dark colored surface layer, and have less than 35 percent clay in the particle size control section. Bluegrass soils have less than 35 percent clay in the particle size control section and have lithic contact at depths greater than 60 inches. Caleast soils have a dark colored surface layer and have lithic contact at depths greater than 40 inches. Cynthiana and Fairmount soils have a solum thickness and depth to bedrock from 10 to 20 inches. Donerail soils have a dark colored surface layer, are moderately well drained, have hues of 10YR or yellower in the substratum, and have lithic contact at depths greater than 40 inches. Elk soils are located on stream terraces, and are typically more acid, and have less than 35 percent clay in the particle size control section. Loradale soils have a dark colored surface layer and have hues of 10YR or yellower in the substratum, and lithic contact depths greater than 40 inches. Lowell soils have lithic contact at depths greater than 40 inches. McAfee soils have a dark colored surface layer, and have at least one subsoil horizon is hue of 5YR. Nicholson soils are moderately well drained with a slowly permeable fragipan in the subsoil and have less than 35 percent clay in the particle size control section.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Well drained. Runoff is medium or rapid and permeability is moderately slow to slow.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas are used for growing hay and pasture. Some areas are used for growing corn, small grains, and tobacco. A few areas are idle or wooded. Native vegetation was dominantly upland oaks, hickory, black walnut, black locust, white ash, beech, hackberry and eastern redcedar.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Kentucky, Ohio, West Virginia and possibly Indiana and Virginia. The series is of large extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Morgantown, West Virginia
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Harrison County, Kentucky, 1965.
REMARKS: The Faywood Series is mapped in both the Inner and Outer Bluegrass Physiographic Regions in Kentucky.
Diagnostic horizons in the pedon are:
Ochric epipedon: 0 to 6 inches (Ap)
Argillic horizon: 6 to 30 inches (Bt1, Bt2)
Lithic contact @ 30 inches
ADDITIONAL DATA: Characterization sample 08KY-239-03-(1-3) by the University of Kentucky.