LOCATION SATELLITE FL
Rev. HFH, MF, GRB
The Satellite series consists of very deep, somewhat poorly drained, rapidly permeable soils on low knolls and ridges of the Southern Florida Flatwoods (MLRA 155) and to a lesser extent in the South Central Florida Ridge (MLRA 154), Southern Florida Lowlands (MLRA 156B), Florida Everglades and Associated Areas (MLRA 156A) and the Atlantic Coast Flatwoods (MLRA 153A). They formed in thick beds of marine sand. Near the type location, the mean annual temperature is about 74 degrees F., and the mean annual precipitation is about 55 inches. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent.
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Hyperthermic, uncoated Aquic Quartzipsamments
TYPICAL PEDON: Satellite sand--forested. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
A--0 to 6 inches; dark gray (10YR 4/1) sand, rubbed; single grained; loose; common fine roots, few medium roots; very strongly acid; clear smooth boundary. (2 to 8 inches thick)
C1--6 to 13 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) sand; single grained; loose; common fine roots; uncoated sand grains; very strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C2--13 to 45 inches; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) sand; single grained; loose; few fine and medium roots; many medium faint gray (10YR 5/1) vertical streaks and pockets having more organic matter than matrix; very strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C3--45 to 53 inches; grayish brown (10YR 5/2) sand; single grained; loose; very strongly acid; clear wavy boundary.
C4--53 to 67 inches; dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) sand; single grained; loose; common coarse distinct very dark brown (10YR 2/2) accumulations of organic matter and grayish brown (10YR 5/2) areas of depletions; strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C5--67 to 80 inches; grayish brown (10YR 5/2) sand; single grained; loose; sand grains uncoated; very strongly acid.
TYPE LOCATION: Brevard County, Florida; west of EauGallie and 0.15 mile east of junction of Wickam Road and Post Road and about 200 feet south of Post Road in NW 1/4, NW 1/4, Sec. 6, T. 27 S., R. 37 E.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Soil reaction ranges from very strongly acid to slightly alkaline in all horizons.
The A or Ap horizon is a mixture of black (10YR 2/1) organic matter and white (10YR 8/1) sand grains. When rubbed, this horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 3 to 5, and chroma of 1 or 2; or it is neutral with value of 3 to 5. Texture is coarse sand, sand, or fine sand.
The C horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, with value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 1 or 2; or it is neutral with value of 5 to 8. Upon burning the sand does not change color. Redoximorphic features in shades of yellow, brown, or red range from none to common. Texture is coarse sand, sand, or fine sand.
COMPETING SERIES: These include the
Panam series in the same family. Adamsville soils are on similar positions, have coatings of sesquioxides that import a higher chroma to the C horizon, and they have a higher content of very fine sand and available water capacity. Broward soils are on similar to slightly lower positions and are moderately deep to limestone. The moderately well drained to somewhat poorly drained Canaveral soils are on similar positions contain sand size=shell fragments throughout. Padre and Panam soils are on barrier islands and have Ustic moisture regimes.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Satellite soils are on low knolls and ridges on higher elevations in the Lower Coastal Plain. They formed in regolith of a thick bed of marine sand. The climate is humid semitropical. Slopes range from 0 to 2 percent. Near the type location, the average annual precipitation ranges from 50 to 60 inches and mean annual air temperature is about 74 degrees F. Frost-free season is about 330 days.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These include the competing
Adamsville series and the
Tavares, St. Lucie,
Zolfo series. The poorly drained to very poorly drained Basinger soils are on lower positions and have horizons having some spodic characteristics. The moderately well drained Daytona and
Orsino soils have spodic horizons. EauGallie, Immokalee, Myakka, Oldsmar, Orsino and Wabasso soils are poorly to very poorly drained, on adjacent lower positions, and are Spodosols. The moderately well drained to somewhat poorly drained Pomello soils are on similar to slightly higher positions and are Spodosols. The very poorly drained Pompano soils are on adjacent lower positions. Punta and Zolfo soils have a spodic horizon at a depth of more than 50 inches deep. In addition, Punta soils are poorly drained. The excessively well drained St. Lucie soils are on higher adjacent positions. The moderately well drained Tavares soils are on slightly higher positions.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Somewhat poorly drained; rapid permeability.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas of Satellite soil are used for forest and range. Native vegetation consists of south Florida slash pine, Florida rosemary, sand live oak, longleaf pine, saw palmetto, pineland threeawn, and other native grasses.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Peninsular Florida. The series is of small extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Auburn, Alabama.
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Brevard County, Florida; 1970.
REMARKS: Satellite soils are saturated at depths of 10 to 40 inches for 2 to 6 months during the summer rainy season.
Satellite soils are primarily in MLRA 155 and to a lesser extent in MLRAs 154, 156B, 153A, and 156A.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Laboratory data is available on the National Soul Survey website at: http://ncsslabdatamart.sc.egov.usda.gov/querypage.aspx.
National Cooperative Soil Survey