LOCATION SURRENCY           GA+FL
Established Series
TAR-RLW/Rev. CAL-MHC
10/2008

SURRENCY SERIES


MLRA(s): 153A, 153B
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
Depth Class: Very deep
Drainage Class (Agricultural): Very poorly drained
Internal Free Water Occurrence: Very shallow, persistent to permanent
Permeability: Moderately slow to moderate
Landscape: Lower coastal plain
Landform: Flats, depressions, swamps
Geomorphic Component: Dips
Parent Material: Marine and fluvial sediments
Slope: 0 to 1 percent
Elevation (type location): 15 to 200 feet
Mean Annual Air Temperature (type location): 67 degrees F.
Mean Annual Precipitation (type location): 47 inches

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy, siliceous, semiactive, thermic Arenic Umbric Paleaquults

TYPICAL PEDON: Surrency loam sand--ponded. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)

0i--1 to 0 inch; spongy layer of slightly decomposed moss.

A--0 to 12 inches; black (N 2/) loamy sand; weak fine and medium granular structure; very friable; many small and medium tree and shrub roots; small pockets of uncoated sand grains; extremely acid; clear wavy boundary. (10 to 30 inches thick)

E--12 to 32 inches; grayish brown (2.5Y 5/2) and dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) sand; single grained; very friable; few fine and medium roots; most sand grains are clean; few coated brown sand grains; extremely acid; gradual smooth boundary. (7 to 24 inches thick)

Btg1--32 to 48 inches; light gray (10YR 7/2) sandy loam with pockets of loamy sand; common medium distinct brownish yellow (10YR 6/6) masses of oxidized iron; weak medium subangular blocky structure; very friable; few clay coated sand grains; few small roots; very strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary.

Btg2--48 to 65 inches; grayish brown (10YR 5/2) sandy clay loam; common medium and coarse distinct yellowish brown (10YR 5/8) and strong brown (7.5YR 5/8) masses of oxidized iron; weak medium subangular blocky structure; few distinct clay films on faces of peds; very friable; very strongly acid.

TYPE LOCATION: Appling County, Georgia; 6.0 miles northwest of Surrency, Georgia city limits on Old Baxley-Surrency road, then 0.25 mile north of road.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Depth to Bedrock: Greater than 60 inches
Depth to Seasonal High Water Table: 0 to 6 inches January to December, ponded December to April with ponding occurring less frequently May to November
Soil Reaction: Extremely acid to strongly acid, except where limed
Thickness of solum: 60 to 100 inches

RANGE OF INDIVIDUAL HORIZONS:

A horizon:
Color--hue of 10YR, 2.5Y or 5Y, value of 2 or 3 and chroma of 1 or 2; or neutral with value of 2 or 3
Texture (fine-earth fraction)--sand, fine sand, loamy sand, loamy fine sand, including the mucky modifier

E or Eg horizon:
Color--hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 4 to 8, chroma of 1 or 2, or neutral with value 4 to 8
Texture (fine-earth fraction)--sand, fine sand, loamy sand, loamy fine sand
Redoximorphic features (where present)--common to many masses of oxidized iron in shades of red, yellow, or brown and iron depletions in shades of brown, yellow, olive, or gray

Btg horizon:
Color--hue of 10YR, 2.5Y, 5Y, or 5G, value of 4 to 8, and chroma of 1 or 2, or neutral with value 4 to 8
Texture (fine-earth fraction)--sandy loam, fine sandy loam, or sandy clay loam. The clay content of the particle-size control section is 10 to 18 percent and below a depth of about 50 inches, 23 to 35 percent.
Redoximorphic features (where present)--common to many masses of oxidized iron in shades of red, yellow, or brown and iron depletions in shades of brown, yellow, olive, or gray

Cg horizon (where present):
Color--hue of 10YR to 5GY, value of 4 through 8, and chroma of 1 or 2, or neutral with value 4 to 8
Texture (fine-earth fraction)--fine sand, loamy fine sand, fine sandy loam, or sandy clay loam
Redoximorphic features (where present)--common to many masses of oxidized in shades of red, yellow, or brown and iron depletions in shades of brown, yellow, olive, or gray

COMPETING SERIES:
Ellabelle soils--more than 18 percent clay in the particle-size control section

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING:
Landscape: Coastal Plain
Landform: Upland depressions or sluggish drainageways
Geomorphic Component: Dips, treads
Parent Material: Marine and fluvial sediments
Elevation: 15 to 200 feet
Mean Annual Air Temperature: 59 to 70 degrees
Mean Annual Precipitation: 38 to 52 inches
Frost Free Period: 190 to 285 days

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS:
Bayboro soils--have argillic horizons within 20 inches
Byars soils--have argillic horizons within 20 inches
Johnston soils--do not have argillic horizons
Leefield soils--have chromas of more than 2 in the matrix of the argillic horizon and do not have an umbric epipedon
Leon soils--have spodic horizons
Lynn Haven soils--have spodic horizons
Mascotte soils--have spodic horizons
Osier soils--do not have argillic horizons
Paxville soils--have argillic horizons within 20 inches
Pantego soils--have argillic horizons within 20 inches
Pelham soils--do not have an umbric epipedon
Plummer soils--have sandy combined A and E horizons more than 40 inches thick
Portsmouth soils--have argillic horizons within 20 inches
Rutlege soils--do not have argillic horizons

DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY:
Drainage Class (Agricultural): Very poorly drained
Internal Free Water Occurrence: Very shallow, persistent to permanent
Permeability: Moderately slow to moderate

USE AND VEGETATION:
Major Uses: Forest or water-tolerant grasses; some pasture
Dominant Vegetation: Loblolly pine, slash pine, baldcypress, sweetgum, black gum, red maple, sweetbay magnolia, and water oak; shrubs are inkberry, southern wax myrtle, and titi

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT:
Distribution: Florida, Georgia, and possibly Alabama and South Carolina
Extent: Moderate

MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Appling County, Georgia; 1969.

REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Umbric epipedon--the zone from the surface to approximately 12 inches (A horizon)
Arenic epipedon--the zone from the surface to approximately 32 inches (A, E horizon)
Argillic horizon--the zone from approximately 32 to 65 inches (Btg1, Btg2 horizons)

ADDITIONAL DATA:

TABULAR SERIES DATA:

Soil Name   Slope   Airtemp  FrFr/Seas  Precip    Elevation
SURRENCY    0-  1   57- 70   190-285    38- 52    15- 200
SURRENCY    0-  1   57- 70   190-285    38- 52    15- 200

FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness COMMON 0-0.5 APPARENT JAN-DEC 60-60 NONE 0-0.5 APPARENT JAN-DEC 60-60

Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC- 0-12 LS LFS 0- 0 95-100 0-10 - 0-12 S FS 0- 0 95-100 0-10 - 0-12 MK-FS MK-S 0- 0 95-100 2- 8 - 12-32 LS S FS 0- 0 95-100 0-10 - 32-48 SL SCL 0- 0 95-100 10-23 - 48-65 SCL 0- 0 95-100 22-35 -

Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll 0-12 3.6- 5.5 2.-9. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW 0-12 3.6- 5.5 2.-9. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW 0-12 3.6- 5.0 10-20 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW 12-32 3.6- 5.0 - 0- 0 2.0- 20 LOW 32-48 3.6- 5.5 - 0- 0 0.6- 6.0 LOW 48-65 3.6- 5.5 - 0- 0 0.2- 2.0 LOW


National Cooperative Soil Survey
U.S.A.