LOCATION FRIPP SC+AL FL GA NC VAEstablished Series
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Thermic, uncoated Typic Quartzipsamments
TYPICAL PEDON: Fripp fine sand, on rolling topography in forest. (Colors are for moist soils unless otherwise stated.)
A--0 to 5 inches; grayish brown (10YR 5/2) fine sand; common medium faint light gray (2.5Y 7/2) mottles; single grained; loose; common fine and medium roots; about 5 percent of the grains are black and dark brown; moderately acid; clear wavy boundary. (1 to 8 inches thick)
C1--5 to 21 inches; pale yellow (2.5Y 7/4) fine sand; many medium distinct light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) mottles; single grained; loose; common fine and few medium roots; about 5 percent of the grains are black and dark brown; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary. (5 to 27 inches thick)
C2--21 to 52 inches; very pale brown (10YR 7/3) fine sand; single grained; loose; few fine and medium roots; about 5 percent of the grains are black and dark brown; slightly acid; gradual wavy boundary. (20 to 54 inches thick)
C3--52 to 90 inches; white (2.5Y 8/2) fine sand; single grained; loose; few irregular horizontal light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) streaks about 1/8 inch thick; about 5 percent of the grains are black and dark brown; slightly acid.
TYPE LOCATION: Beaufort County, South Carolina; 15 miles east of Beaufort on Hunting Island; .34 mile south of U. S. Highway 21 bridge over Johnson Creek, 100 feet east of U. S. Highway 21.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Content of silt plus clay to more than 80 inches is less than 5 percent. Reaction ranges from extremely acid to mildly alkaline throughout. Few to many fine dark minerals and few shell fragments are in some pedons.
The A horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 4 to 7, and chroma of 1 or 2. It is fine sand or sand.
The upper part of the C horizon dominantly has hue of 10YR, value of 7 or 8, and chroma of 1 to 6. It ranges from 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 3 to 8. The lower part of the C horizon dominantly has hue of 10YR to 5Y or is neutral, value of 6 or 8, and chroma of 0 to 3, and ranges to chroma of 3 to 8. The C horizon is sand or fine sand. Low chroma is not due to wetness.
COMPETING SERIES: These are the Kershaw, Newhan, Ortega, and Penney series. Kershaw and Ortega soils are not subject to flooding. In addition, Ortega soils have a seasonal high water table at 3.5 to 5.0 feet. Newhan soils are affected by salt spray and do not support commercial tree growth. Penney soils have lamellae. Buncombe, Crevasse, Lakeland, Tarboro, and Wando series are in similar families. These soils contain more than 5 percent silt plus clay in the control section.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Fripp soils are on undulating to steep dunes commonly adjoining beaches and waterways along the coast. These soils receive such a small quantity of salt spray that the growth of trees is not affected. Most areas are 5 to 25 feet above mean tide. Flooding is none to rare; when rare, it is flooded for very brief periods due to very high tides caused by coastal storms. Slopes commonly are 5 to 15 percent but range from 2 to 30 percent. The soil formed in sandy sediments that have been reworked by wind and wave action. The mean annual temperature ranges from 66 to 70 degrees F., mean annual precipitation ranges from 44 to 50 inches, and frost-free season ranges from 260 to 290 days.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the competing Newhan and Wando series, plus the Baratari, Capers, Corolla, Duckston, Kiawah, Polawana, Ridgeland, Rosedhu, Seabrook, and Seewee series. Baratari, Ridgeland, Rosedhu, and Seewee soils have a spodic horizon. Capers soils are subject to daily tidal flooding and are fine textured. Corolla and Duckston soils have a seasonal high water table. Kiawah soils have an argillic horizon. Polawana soils have an umbric epipedon. Seabrook soils contain 5 to 20 percent silt plus clay in the control section.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Excessively drained; very slow runoff; rapid permeability.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most of this soil is used for recreation, beach cottages, and wildlife. Native vegetation consists of wax myrtle, live oak, palmetto, slash pine, loblolly pine, longleaf pine, sand pine, American beech, cabbage palm, yaupon, American holly, black cherry, blackgum, cherrybark oak, hickory, seaoats, seacoast bluestem, and beach grasses.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Mainly bordering the Atlantic coast in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. The series is of moderate extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Beaufort County, South Carolina; 1975.
REMARKS: The 1978 revision changed the classification from Udipsamments to Quartzipsamments, and the mineralogy from mixed to siliceous. Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon - the zone from the surface of the soil to 5 inches (A horizon)
MLRA = 153B, 149A, 152A
SIR = SC0001
TABULAR SERIES DATA:
SOI-5 Soil Name Slope Airtemp FrFr/Seas Precip Elevation
SC0001 FRIPP 2- 30 65- 70 260-290 44- 50 5- 25
SOI-5 FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness SC0001 NONE RARE 6.0-6.0 - 60-60
SOI-5 Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC- SC0001 0- 5 FS S 0- 0 98-100 0- 5 1- 2 SC0001 5-80 FS S 0- 0 98-100 0- 5 1- 2
SOI-5 Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll SC0001 0- 5 5.1- 7.8 .5-1. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW SC0001 5-80 5.6- 7.8 0.-.5 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW