LOCATION NINEVEH            IN+OH
Established Series
Rev. SHB-MLW-KKN
05/2007

NINEVEH SERIES


The Nineveh series consists of very deep, well drained soils that are moderately deep to calcareous, stratified gravelly and sandy outwash. The Nineveh soils formed in loamy deposits. They are on stream terraces. Slope ranges from 0 to 6 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 1041 mm (41 inches), and mean annual air temperature is about 11 degrees C (52 degrees F).

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, active, mesic Typic Argiudolls

TYPICAL PEDON: Nineveh sandy loam, on a 1 percent slope in a cultivated field at an elevation of about 204 meters (670 feet) above mean sea level. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)

Ap--0 to 20 cm (0 to 8 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) sandy loam, grayish brown (10YR 5/2) dry; weak medium granular structure; friable; few fine and medium tubular pores throughout; 2 percent fine and medium gravel; neutral; abrupt smooth boundary. [15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 inches) thick]

AB--20 to 33 cm (8 to 13 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) loam, brown (7.5YR 5/2) dry; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable; few fine and medium tubular pores throughout; few faint dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) clay films on faces of peds; 2 percent gravel; neutral; clear smooth boundary. [8 to 18 cm (3 to 7 inches) thick]

Bt1--33 to 61 cm (13 to 24 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) clay loam; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; firm; few fine roots; few fine and medium tubular pores throughout; few prominent dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) clay films on faces of peds and on gravel; 5 percent gravel; neutral; clear smooth boundary. [18 to 36 cm (7 to 14 inches) thick]

Bt2--61 to 84 cm (24 to 33 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) gravelly clay loam; moderate medium and coarse subangular blocky structure; firm; few roots; few prominent dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) clay films on faces of peds and on gravel; 15 percent gravel; neutral; clear irregular boundary. [15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) thick]

Bt3--84 to 91 cm (33 to 36 inches); dark reddish brown (5YR 3/2) gravelly clay loam; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; firm; few distinct dark reddish brown (5YR 3/2) clay films on faces of peds and clay bridging between sand grains; 20 percent gravel; slightly alkaline; abrupt irregular boundary. [5 to 51 cm (2 to 20 inches) thick]

2C--91 to 152 cm (36 to 60 inches); yellowish brown (10YR 5/4), pale brown (10YR 6/3), and light gray (10YR 7/2) stratified very gravelly coarse sand and sand; single grain; loose; tongues of Bt horizon extend to a depth of 114 to 147 cm (45 to 58 inches) and are 46 to 61 cm (18 to 24) inches apart; 43 percent gravel; strongly effervescent; moderately alkaline.

TYPE LOCATION: Shelby County, Indiana; about 6 miles west of Flat Rock; about 300 feet north and 75 feet east of the southwest corner of sec. 26, T. 11 N., R. 5 E.; USGS Edinburgh, IN topographic quadrangle; lat. 39 degrees 21 minutes 46 seconds N. and long. 85 degrees 57 minutes 8.5 seconds W., NAD 27; UTM Zone 16, 590252 easting and 4357560 northing, NAD 83.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Thickness of the solum: 61 to 102 cm (24 to 40 inches)

Ap or A horizon:
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 3
Chroma: 2 or 3
Texture: silt loam, loam, or sandy loam or the gravelly analogs of these textures
Rock fragment content: 0 to 15 percent
Reaction: neutral

BA or AB horizon, where present:
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 3 or 4
Chroma: 2 or 3
Texture: silt loam, loam, or sandy loam or the gravelly analogs of these textures
Rock fragment content: 0 to 15 percent
Reaction: neutral

Upper part of the Bt horizon:
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 4
Chroma: 3 or 4
Texture: clay loam, sandy clay loam, or silty clay loam or the gravelly analogs of these textures
Rock fragment content: 0 to 15 percent
Reaction: slightly acid or neutral

Middle part of the Bt horizon:
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 3 to 5
Chroma: 3 or 4
Texture: clay loam, sandy clay loam, or loam or the gravelly or very gravelly analogs of these textures
Rock fragment content: 0 to 40 percent
Reaction: slightly acid or neutral

Lower part of the Bt horizon:
Hue: 5YR or 7.5YR
Value: 3 or 4
Chroma: 2 to 4
Texture: gravelly or very gravelly analogs of loam, clay loam, or sandy clay loam
Special feature: tongues of the lower part of the Bt horizon extend from 15 to 63 cm (6 to 25 inches) into the underlying gravelly and sandy outwash and range in distance apart from 30 to more than 91 cm (12 to more than 36 inches)
Rock fragment content: averages 15 to 40 percent, but can range to 0 percent in thin individual strata
Reaction: neutral or slightly alkaline

2C horizon:
Hue: 10YR
Value: 5 to 7
Chroma: 2 to 4
Texture: gravelly or very gravelly analogs of coarse sand or sand; commonly stratified, with strata of coarse sand or sand are in some pedons
Rock fragment content: averages 35 to 59 percent, but can range to 0 percent in thin individual strata
Reaction: slightly alkaline or moderately alkaline

COMPETING SERIES: This is the Lorenzo series. Lorenzo soils have sola less than 61 cm (24 inches) in thickness.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Nineveh soils are on treads on stream terraces. Slope ranges from 0 to 6 percent. The soils formed in loamy deposits. They are moderately deep to calcareous, stratified gravelly and sandy outwash. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 914 to 1118 mm (36 to 44 inches). Mean annual air temperature ranges from 10 to 13 degrees C (50 to 56 degrees F).

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Fox, Homer, Rodman, Sleeth, Westland, and Whitaker soils. Fox soils do not have a mollic epipedon and are on similar landscapes. Homer, Sleeth, and Whitaker soils are somewhat poorly drained and are on slightly lower positions. Rodman soils are excessive drained, are less than 51 cm (20 inches) to sand and gravel, and are on terrace risers. Westland soils are poorly drained or very poorly drained and are in depressions.

DRAINAGE AND SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY: Well drained. The depth to the top of a seasonal high water table is greater than 183 cm (6 feet). The potential for surface runoff is negligible to medium. Saturated hydraulic conductivity is moderately high in the solum and very high in the substratum. Permeability is moderate in the solum and very rapid in the substratum.

USE AND VEGETATION: Nineveh soils are mostly cultivated. The principal crops grown are corn, soybeans, wheat, and hay. Some areas are used for growing green beans, potatoes, tomatoes, strawberries, and other vegetables and fruits. Irrigation is used on this soil in some areas. Native vegetation is prairie grass with widely spaced trees, chiefly oak, hawthorn, walnut, and wild cherry.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Central and south-central Indiana and western Ohio; MLRA 111A. The series is of moderate extent.

MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Indianapolis, Indiana.

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Bartholomew County, Indiana, 1936.

REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Mollic epipedon: from the surface to a depth 33 cm (Ap, AB horizons).
Argillic horizon: from a depth of 33 to 91 cm (Bt horizon).

Representative data mapunit for this pedon is DMU ID 156132 in MO 11.

ADDITIONAL DATA: Transect data is on file at the MLRA Project Office in Indianapolis.


National Cooperative Soil Survey
U.S.A.