LOCATION SLEETH                  IN+MI OH

Established Series
Rev. TRZ-MLW-TJE
12/2011

SLEETH SERIES


The Sleeth series consists of very deep, somewhat poorly drained soils that are deep to calcareous, stratified gravelly and sandy outwash. Sleeth soils formed in loamy outwash. A mantle of loess or other silty material is as much as 51 cm (20 inches) thick in some areas. They are on outwash terraces, stream terraces, and outwash plains. Slope ranges from 0 to 2 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 1016 mm (40 inches), and mean annual temperature is about 11 degrees C (52 degrees F).

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-loamy, mixed, active, mesic Aeric Endoaqualfs

TYPICAL PEDON: Sleeth loam, on a 1 percent slope in a grassy area at an elevation of about 198 meters (650 feet) above mean sea level. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)

Ap--0 to 23 cm (9 inches); dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) loam, light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) dry; moderate medium granular structure; friable; few worm holes and casts; neutral; abrupt smooth boundary. [18 to 28 cm (7 to 11 inches) thick]

E--23 to 36 cm (9 to 14 inches); grayish brown (10YR 5/2) loam; moderate medium granular structure; friable; root and worm channels filled with dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) material; neutral; clear smooth boundary. [0 to 15 cm (6 inches) thick]

Bt1--36 to 56 cm (14 to 22 inches); pale brown (10YR 6/3) clay loam; weak medium subangular blocky structure; firm; common distinct grayish brown (10YR 5/2) clay films on faces of peds; root and worm channels filled with dark grayish brown (10YR 4/2) material; few black (10YR 2/1) iron-manganese nodules; many medium faint grayish brown (10YR 5/2) iron depletions in the matrix; moderately acid; clear wavy boundary.

Bt2--56 to 96 cm (22 to 38 inches); pale brown (10YR 6/3) clay loam; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; firm; many distinct grayish brown (10YR 5/2) clay films on faces of peds; many medium distinct yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) masses of oxidized iron in the matrix; few black (10YR 2/1) iron-manganese nodules; many medium faint light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) iron depletions in the matrix; 5 percent rock fragments; neutral; clear smooth boundary.

Btg1--96 to 114 cm (38 to 45 inches); light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) gravelly clay loam; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; firm; many distinct grayish brown (10YR 5/2) clay films on faces of peds; many medium faint brown (10YR 5/3) and prominent yellowish red (5YR 5/6) masses of oxidized iron in the matrix; few black (10YR 2/1) iron-manganese nodules; 20 percent rock fragments; neutral; clear wavy boundary.

Btg2--114 to 127 cm (45 to 50 inches); grayish brown (10YR 5/2) gravelly clay loam; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; firm; few faint grayish brown (10YR 5/2) clay films on faces of peds; few medium prominent brownish yellow (10YR 6/6) masses of oxidized iron in the matrix; few medium distinct gray (N 5/) iron depletions in the matrix; 20 percent rock fragments; neutral; abrupt wavy boundary. [Combined thickness of the Bt and Btg horizons is 63 to 127 cm (25 to 50 inches).]

2Cg--127 to 152 cm (50 to 60 inches); gray (10YR 5/1) gravelly sand; single grain; loose; 30 percent rock fragments; strongly effervescent; moderately alkaline.

TYPE LOCATION: Bartholomew County, Indiana; along the south edge of Taylorsville; 400 feet east and 70 feet south of the northwest corner of sec. 26, T. 10 N., R. 5 E.; USGS Edinburgh, Indiana topographic quadrangle; lat. 39 degrees 17 minutes 17.2 seconds N. and long. 85 degrees 57 minutes 1.5 seconds W., NAD 27; UTM Zone 16, 590530 easting and 4349290 northing, NAD 83.

RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Thickness of the loess or silty material: less than 51 cm (20 inches)
Depth to the base of the argillic horizon: 102 to 152 cm (40 to 60 inches)

Ap, A, or E horizon:
Hue: 10YR
Value: 4 to 6; 3 is allowed in thin A horizons
Chroma: 1 to 4
Texture: silt loam or loam
Rock fragment content: 0 to 10 percent gravel
Reaction: moderately acid to neutral depending on liming history

BE or the upper part of the Bt or Btg horizon:
Hue: 10YR or 2.5Y
Value: 4 to 6
Chroma: 1 to 4
Texture: clay loam, loam, or sandy clay loam; where the silty layer is near its maximum thickness, it is silty clay loam or silt loam
Rock fragment content: 0 to 10 percent gravel
Reaction: strongly acid to neutral

Lower part of the Bt or Btg horizon, or the BC or BCg horizon:
Hue: 10YR or 2.5Y
Value: 4 to 6
Chroma: 1 to 4
Texture: gravelly sandy clay loam, gravelly loam, gravelly clay loam, or gravelly sandy loam, or less commonly gravelly loamy sand
Rock fragment content: 15 to 30 percent gravel and 0 to 3 percent cobbles; thin individual subhorizons may contain less than 15 percent gravel in some pedons
Reaction: moderately acid to slightly alkaline; some pedons have carbonates in the BC or BCg horizon

2C, 2Cg, or 2CBg horizon:
Hue: 10YR or 2.5Y
Value: 4 to 7
Chroma: 1 to 4
Texture: gravelly or very gravelly analogs of loamy coarse sand, coarse sand, or sand, or is sand
Rock fragment content: 10 to 55 percent gravel and 0 to 5 percent cobbles
Calcium carbonate equivalent: 20 to 55 percent
Reaction: slightly alkaline or moderately alkaline

COMPETING SERIES: These are the Angola, Appleton, Ayrshire, Burdett, Crawleyville, Darien, Digby, Mitiwanga, Mongle, Nuhi, Ovid, Shadeland, and Whitaker series. Angola, Mitiwanga, Nuhi, and Shadeland soils have a lithic contact within a depth of 102 cm (40 inches). Appleton and Ovid soils are less than 102 cm (40 inches) to the base of the argillic horizon. Ayrshire, Crawleyville, and Whitaker soils average less than 15 percent rock fragments in the lower part of the series control section. Burdett and Darien soils do not have textures with as much as 85 percent sand in the lower part of the series control section. Digby soils have subhorizons that are finer than loamy coarse sand in the lower part of the series control section. Mongle soils are more acid that slightly alkaline in the lower part of the series control section.

GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Sleeth soils are on outwash terraces, stream terraces, and outwash plains. Slope ranges from 0 to 2 percent. The soils formed in loamy outwash in areas of Wisconsinan glaciation. A mantle of loess or other silty material is as much as 51 cm (20 inches) thick in some areas. They are deep to calcareous, stratified gravelly and sandy outwash. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 889 to 1143 mm (35 to 45 inches). Mean annual temperature ranges from 9 to 12 degrees C (48 to 54 degrees F).

GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Fox, Nineveh, Ockley, Thackery, and Westland soils. The well drained Fox, Nineveh, and Ockley soils are on terrace risers and on swells on outwash plains. The moderately well drained Thackery soils are on swells on outwash plains and higher lying treads on terraces. The poorly drained or very poorly drained Westland soils are in depressions.

DRAINAGE AND SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY: Somewhat poorly drained. Depth to the top of an intermittent apparent high water table ranges from 15 to 61 cm (0.5 to 2.0 feet) during the winter and early spring in normal years. Potential for surface runoff is negligible to low. Saturated hydraulic conductivity is moderately high in the loamy outwash and very high in the underlying gravelly and sandy outwash. Permeability is moderate in the loamy outwash and very rapid in the underlying gravelly and sandy outwash.

USE AND VEGETATION: Most areas are used to grow corn, soybeans, and small grain (mostly wheat). Native vegetation is deciduous forest.

DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Mainly in MLRAs 111A and 111D, and to a lesser extent in MLRAs 97, 98 and 114A in Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio. The type location is in MLRA 111A. The series is of moderate extent.

MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Indianapolis, Indiana.

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Carroll County, Indiana, 1955.

REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon: from the surface to a depth of 36 cm (Ap, E horizons).
Albic horizon: from a depth of 23 to 36 cm (E horizon).
Argillic horizon: from a depth of 36 to 127 cm (Bt, Btg horizons).
Aquic conditions: redox depletions and/or concentrations in all horizons below 23 cm.

Loamy and till substratum phases have been recognized and may become new series as subsets of soil surveys with these phases are updated.

Representative NASIS data mapunit for this pedon is DMU ID 156145 in MO 11.

11/2011 Revision: minor formatting changes; updated terminology for redox features.


National Cooperative Soil Survey
U.S.A.