LOCATION STALLINGS NC+AL SCEstablished Series
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Coarse-loamy, siliceous, semiactive, thermic Aeric Paleaquults
TYPICAL PEDON: Stallings loamy sand -- cultivated.
(Colors are for moist soils unless otherwise stated.)
Ap--0 to 8 inches; dark gray (10YR 4/1) loamy sand; weak medium granular structure; very friable; many fine roots; strongly acid; abrupt smooth boundary. (5 to 10 inches thick)
E--8 to 12 inches; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) loamy sand; weak medium granular structure; very friable; many fine roots; strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (0 to 10 inches thick)
Bt--12 to 24 inches; pale brown (10YR 6/3) sandy loam; common medium faint light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) and brown (10YR 5/3) mottles; weak medium subangular blocky structure; very friable; many fine roots; sand grains are coated and bridged with clay; very strongly acid; clear wavy boundary. (8 to 20 inches thick)
Btg--24 to 42 inches; gray (10YR 6/1) sandy loam; common medium distinct light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4) and brownish yellow (10YR 6/6) mottles; weak medium subangular blocky structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; many fine roots; common fine pores; sand grains are coated and bridged with clay; very strongly acid; gradual wavy boundary. (14 to 24 inches thick)
BCg--42 to 80 inches; light brownish gray (10YR 6/2) loamy sand; common medium faint light gray (10YR 7/1) and light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4) mottles; weak medium granular structure; friable, slightly sticky; common small bodies (skeletans) of clean sand; very strongly acid.
TYPE LOCATION: Lenoir County, North Carolina; 8 miles south of Kingston; 0.5 mile south of Woodington on U.S. Highway 258; 300 feet east of U.S. Highway 258.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Solum thickness ranges from 60 to more than 80 inches. Reaction ranges from extremely acid to strongly acid, except where limed. Most pedons have a clay distribution where the percentage of clay decreases from its maximum amount by more than 20 percent within 60 inches of the soil surface. In these pedons, the layers in which the percentage of clay decreases by more than 20 percent has skeletans on faces of peds. If the skeletans were not present, the percent clay would not decrease by more than 20 percent.
The A or Ap horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, or is neutral, value of 3 to 6, and chroma of 0 to 3. Texture is loamy sand, loamy fine sand, sandy loam, fine sand, or fine sandy loam.
The E horizon, where present, has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 2 to 4. Texture ranges is comparable to the A or Ap horizon.
The BE horizon, where present, has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 2 to 5. Texture range is comparable to the A or Ap horizon.
The Bt horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 3 to 8. It contains mottles with value of 4 or greater and chroma of 2 or less. It is sandy loam or fine sandy loam. The Btg horizon has hue of 10YR to 5Y, or it is neutral, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 0 to 2 with few to many mottles with higher chroma. It is sandy loam, fine sandy loam, loamy sand, or loamy fine sand.
The BCg horizon, where present, is similar in color and texture to the Btg.
The C horizon. where present, is similar in color to the Btg horizon. Texture is loamy sand, loamy fine sand, sand, or fine sand.
COMPETING SERIES: There are no other series in this family. Soils in closely related families are the Barth, Bertie, Dragston, Foreston, Johns, Kenansville, Lynchburg, Mattapex, Nahunta, Olanta, Pactolus, Rumfort, Woodington, and Woodstown series. Barth soils have sandy argillic horizons. Bertie, Johns, Lynchburg, and Nahunta soils have more than 18 percent clay in the Bt horizons. Dragston soils have solum thickness less than 40 inches. Foreston soils lack chroma of 2 or less in the upper part of the argillic horizon. Kenansville, Olanta, and Rumfort soils lack chroma 2 mottles within 24 inches of the top of the argillic horizon and in addition, the Kenansville soils have arenic surfaces. Mattapex and Woodstown soils have mean annual soil temperature less than 59 degrees F., and have more than 18 percent clay in the control section. Pactolus soils are sandy throughout and lack argillic horizons. Woodington soils lack chroma of 3 or higher below the A or Ap horizon.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Stallings soils are on nearly level interstream divides of the Coastal Plain. Slopes range from 0 to 3 percent. These soils formed in coarse-textured Coastal Plain sediments. The mean annual temperature is 63 degrees F., and the average annual precipitation is 48 inches near the type location.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the Bertie, Dragston, Foreston, Lynchburg, Pactolus, Rumfort, and Woodington soils of the competing series plus the Goldsboro, Norfolk, Pocallo, and Rains series. Goldsboro, Norfolk, and Pocallo soils are on higher parts of the landscape and have better drainage. Rains soils are fine-loamy in the control section texture and in addition, Rains soils have poorer drainage.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Somewhat poorly drained; slow runoff; moderately rapid permeability.
USE AND VEGETATION: About 60 percent of this soil is used for growing crops and pasture; remainder is in forests. The main crops grown are corn, soybeans, tobacco, cotton, small grain, peanuts, vegetables, and hay. Native vegetation consists of willow oak, sweetgum, blackgum, and red maple, loblolly pine and longleaf pine.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Coastal Plains of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. The series is of moderate extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Lenoir County, North Carolina; 1973.
REMARKS: The Stallings series would have been classified in the Low Humic-Gley soils that intergrade toward the Red-Yellow Podzolic great soil group. These soils were formerly included in the Dragston series.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Laboratory Data North Carolina University Soils Department one pedon, Lenoir County, North Carolina.
Sand Silt Clay
Ap 0-8 inches 87 10 3
B2t 14-32 inches 76 13 10
TABULAR SERIES DATA:
SOI-5 Soil Name Slope Airtemp FrFr/Seas Precip Elevation NC0035 STALLINGS 0- 3 60- 66 210-260 42- 52 40- 170
SOI-5 FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness NC0035 NONE 1.0-2.5 APPARENT DEC-APR 60-60
SOI-5 Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC- NC0035 0-12 LS LFS FS 0- 0 95-100 2-10 1- 5 NC0035 0-12 SL FSL 0- 0 95-100 5-18 1- 6 NC0035 12-42 SL FSL LS 0- 0 95-100 5-18 1- 3 NC0035 42-80 SL LS LFS 0- 0 95-100 2-18 0- 2
SOI-5 Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll NC0035 0-12 3.5- 5.5 1.-4. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW NC0035 0-12 3.5- 5.5 1.-4. 0- 0 2.0- 20 LOW NC0035 12-42 3.5- 5.5 0.-1. 0- 0 2.0- 6.0 LOW NC0035 42-80 3.5- 5.5 0.-.5 0- 0 2.0- 20 LOW