LOCATION BAYMEADE NCEstablished Series
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Loamy, siliceous, semiactive, thermic Arenic Hapludults
TYPICAL PEDON: Baymeade sand--on a 3 percent slope under mixed hardwood and pine. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
A--0 to 3 inches; dark gray (10YR 4/1) fine sand; weak granular structure; loose; many fine and medium roots; many uncoated sand grains; moderately acid; abrupt smooth boundary. (2 to 10 inches thick)
E--3 to 12 inches; light gray (10YR 7/2) fine sand; single grained; loose; many fine and medium roots; slightly acid; gradual wavy boundary. (0 to 15 inches thick)
E/Bh--12 to 36 inches; very pale brown (10YR 7/4) fine sand; single grained; loose; common irregular bodies of friable organic coated sand that are dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) and brown (7.5YR 4/4) (Bh) make up about 12 percent of this horizon; many fine and medium roots; moderately acid; abrupt smooth boundary. (0 to 26 inches thick)
Bt--36 to 49 inches; strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) fine sandy loam; weak coarse subangular blocky structure that parts into weak fine granular structure; very friable; many fine and medium roots; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary. (5 to 40 inches thick)
BC--49 to 58 inches; strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) loamy fine sand; weak fine granular structure; very friable; few fine roots; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary. (0 to 17 inches thick)
C1--58 to 75 inches; mottled white (10YR 8/1) and very pale brown (10YR 7/4) fine sand; single grained; loose; moderately acid; gradual wavy boundary.
C2--75 to 78 inches; very pale brown (10YR 8/3) fine sand and loamy fine sand; single grained; loose; moderately acid.
TYPE LOCATION: New Hanover County, North Carolina; Wilmington, 0.5 mile south of Dawson and Sixteenth Streets on west side of Sixteenth Street road bank.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS: Solum thickness is 35 to more than 60 inches. Reaction ranges from very strongly acid to slightly acid, unless limed. Some pedons have extremely acid A and E horizons.
The A or Ap horizon has hue of 10YR to 2.5Y value of 4 to 6, and chroma of 1 or 2 or is neutral with value of 4 to 6 with common clean grains that are white or light gray. Texture of the A horizon is sand, fine sand, loamy sand, or loamy fine sand.
The E horizon has hue of 10YR or 2.5Y, value of 4 to 8, and chroma of 1 to 6 or is neutral with value of 6 to 8. Texture is sand, fine sand, loamy sand, or loamy fine sand. The Bh portion of E/Bh horizon or Bh horizon, where present, is granular to massive with hue of 5YR to 10YR, value of 3 to 7, and chroma of 2 to 8.
The E' horizon, where present has hues of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, values of 4 to 8, and chroma of 2 to 6 or it is neutral with values of 6 to 8. It is sand, fine sand, loamy sand or loamy fine sand.
The Bt horizon has hue of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 4 to 8. Mottles are in shades of yellow, brown, or gray at depths below 25 inches in some pedons. A gray matrix may be present in the lower Bt horizons of some pedons. Texture is commonly sandy loam or fine sandy loam but some pedons are sandy clay loam. The lower Bt horizon may occur as lamella of sandy loam.
The BC horizon has hue of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 5 to 7, and chroma of 2 to 8. Mottles are in shades of yellow, brown, or gray in some pedons. Texture is loamy sand, loamy fine sand, sandy loam, fine sandy loam or in some pedons sandy clay loam.
The C horizon has hue of 7.5YR to 2.5Y, value of 5 to 8, and chroma of 1 to 8 or is mottled in shades of these colors. Texture is sand or fine sand or stratified sandy, loamy, or clayey material. Some pedons have thin discontinuous Bh bodies in the C horizon.
COMPETING SERIES: Ailey, Blaney, Chipola, Chisolm, Coosaw, Garcon, Gomery, Kenansville, Remlik, Tenaha, Tomahawk, Uchee, and Valhalla in the same family. Closely related soils are the Alaga, Eustis, Kureb, Onslow, Seagate, Wagram, and Wakulla series. All of these soils except Kureb lack irregular intermittent Bh bodies in the E/Bh horizon. Kureb soils lack argillic horizons. Onslow soils lack an arenic epipedon and contain gray mottles indicative of wetness in the Bt horizon. Seagate and Valhalla soils have continuous Bh horizons. Seagate soils have poorer drainage.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Baymeade soils occur on broad, gently sloping surfaces of the lower Coastal Plain, generally above 20 feet. Slopes range from 1 to 12 percent. They formed in (stratified) interbedded sandy and loamy Coastal Plain sediments. The mean annual precipitation ranges from 47 to 60 inches and mean annual temperature ranges from 53 to 74 degrees F.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the competing Kureb and the Blanton, Foreston, Goldsboro, Lakeland, Leon, Norfolk and Rimini series. Blanton soils have a Grossarenic epipedon. Foreston, Goldsboro and Norfolk lack an arenic epipedon. Lakeland soils lack light gray E horizons and an argillic horizon. Leon and Rimini soils have continuous Bh horizons, and the Leon soils have poorer drainage.
DRAINAGE AND PERMEABILITY: Well drained; slow runoff; moderately rapid permeability. Measured watertable levels at two sites show that the water table is 45 to 60 inches below the surface in December to April and other wet periods.
USE AND VEGETATION: Most of these soils are in forest of mixed hardwood and pine. Native vegetation is turkey oak, long leaf pine, dwarfed huckleberry, small myrtle, wire grass, and astor. Large areas are in residential and urban uses in New Hanover County.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: Lower Coastal Plains of North Carolina and possibly South Carolina. The series is extensive.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: Raleigh, North Carolina
SERIES ESTABLISHED: New Hanover County, North Carolina; 1973.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon - the zone from the surface to a depth of 36 inches (the Ap and E horizons)
Arenic feature - the zone of sandy sediments from 0 to 36 inches (the A, E, E/Bh horizons)
Argillic horizon - the zone from a depth of 36 to 58 inches (the Bt and BC horizons)
ADDITIONAL DATA: None
TABULAR SERIES DATA:
SOI-5 Soil Name Slope Airtemp FrFr/Seas Precip Elevation NC0083 BAYMEADE 0- 12 59- 63 190-250 46- 57 20- 70
SOI-5 FloodL FloodH Watertable Kind Months Bedrock Hardness NC0083 NONE 4.0-5.0 APPARENT DEC-APR 60-60
SOI-5 Depth Texture 3-Inch No-10 Clay% -CEC- NC0083 0-36 FS S 0- 0 100-100 0- 8 1- 3 NC0083 0-36 LS LFS 0- 0 100-100 5-13 1- 4 NC0083 36-49 FSL SCL SL 0- 0 100-100 8-26 2- 6 NC0083 49-78 LFS S SL 0- 0 100-100 0-12 0- 3
SOI-5 Depth -pH- O.M. Salin Permeab Shnk-Swll NC0083 0-36 4.5- 6.5 .5-1. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW NC0083 0-36 4.5- 6.5 .5-1. 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW NC0083 36-49 4.5- 6.5 0.-.5 0- 0 2.0- 6.0 LOW NC0083 49-78 4.5- 6.5 0.-.5 0- 0 6.0- 20 LOW