LOCATION TYNER IN+OH
The Tyner series consists of very deep, excessively drained soils formed in sandy outwash or beach deposits on outwash plains and outwash terraces, and on beaches and offshore bars on lake plains. Slope ranges from 0 to 45 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 889 mm (35 inches), and mean annual temperature is about 11.1 degrees C (52 degrees F).
TAXONOMIC CLASS: Mixed, mesic Typic Udipsamments
TYPICAL PEDON: Tyner loamy sand, on a 1 percent slope in a cultivated field at an elevation of 239 meters (784 feet) above mean sea level. (Colors are for moist soil unless otherwise stated.)
Ap--0 to 30 cm (12 inches); dark brown (7.5YR 3/3) loamy sand, light brown (7.5YR 6/3) dry; weak fine granular structure; very friable; many fine and few medium roots throughout; 2 percent gravel; very strongly acid; abrupt smooth boundary. [18 to 30 cm (7 to 12 inches) thick]
Bw1--30 to 51 cm (12 to 20 inches); strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) loamy sand; weak medium subangular blocky structure; very friable; few medium roots throughout; 4 percent gravel; moderately acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw2--51 to 69 cm (20 to 27 inches); yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) fine sand; weak medium and coarse subangular blocky structure; very friable; few medium roots throughout; 2 percent gravel; moderately acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw3--69 to 86 cm (27 to 34 inches); yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sand; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; very friable; few medium roots throughout; 1 percent gravel; moderately acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw4--86 to 104 cm (34 to 41 inches); yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sand; weak coarse subangular blocky structure; very friable; few medium roots throughout; 3 percent gravel; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw5--104 to 130 cm (41 to 51 inches); strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) sand; single grain; loose; 9 percent gravel; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw6--130 to 152 cm (51 to 60 inches); strong brown (7.5YR 4/6) sand; single grain; loose; 2 percent gravel; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw7--152 to 190 cm (60 to 75 inches); strong brown (7.5YR 4/6) coarse sand; single grain; loose; 4 percent gravel; slightly acid; clear wavy boundary.
Bw8--190 to 203 cm (75 to 80 inches); brown (7.5YR 4/4) sand; single grain; loose; 5 percent gravel; neutral. [Combined thickness of the Bw horizon is 74 cm (29 inches) or more.]
TYPE LOCATION: Elkhart County, Indiana; about 3 miles northeast of Bristol; 400 feet east and 453 feet south of the northwest corner of sec. 20, T. 38 N., R. 7 E.; USGS Bristol, IN topographic quadrangle; lat. 41 degrees 44 minutes 18 seconds N. and long. 85 degrees 45 minutes 20 seconds W., NAD 27; UTM Zone 16, 603483 easting and 4621478 northing, NAD 83.
RANGE IN CHARACTERISTICS:
Thickness of the solum: 91 to more than 203 cm (36 to more than 80 inches)
Rock fragment content: 0 to 10 percent throughout the series control section
Rock fragments: of mixed lithology with a high content of shale, 2 to 5 mm diameter
Particle-size control section: silt content plus clay content averages 10 percent or more
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 3 or 4, 6 or more dry
Chroma: 2 to 4
Texture: loamy sand or loamy fine sand
Structure: very weak to moderate, fine or medium, granular
Reaction: very strongly acid to neutral depending on liming history
E horizon, where present:
Value: 5 or 6
Chroma: 3 or 4
Bw horizon, or BC horizon, where present:
Hue: 7.5YR or 10YR
Value: 4 or 5
Chroma: 3 to 6
Texture: loamy sand, loamy fine sand, sand, or fine sand, and ranges to coarse sand in the lower part
Structure: very weak or weak, fine to coarse, subangular blocky or granular, or is single grain
Reaction: very strongly acid to neutral
C horizon, where present:
Value: 4 to 6
Chroma: 2 to 6; chroma of 2 is due to the inherent color of the sand and not to aquic conditions
Texture: sand, coarse sand, or fine sand; some pedons are stratified with thin bands of loamy sand
Reaction: strongly acid to neutral
COMPETING SERIES: These are the
Windsor series. Acquango, Bigapple, Caesar, Chute, Hodge, Pahuk, Penwood, Perks, Pinegrove, Suncook, and Windsor soils are less than 91 cm (36 inches) to the base of the solum. Aldo soils have redoximorphic features in the lower part of the series control section. Biltmore and Ronda soils contain mica flakes throughout the series control section. Boplain soils have a paralithic contact between 51 and 102 cm (20 and 40 inches). Breeze soils formed in anthrotransported material and have 10 percent rock fragments consisting of construction debris. Dabney soils have a dry value of 5 or less in the upper part of the series control section. Gardiner soils are in areas that receive more than 1016 mm (40 inches) of mean annual precipitation. Oakville, Plainfield, Sardak, and Sarpy soils have less than 10 percent silt plus clay in the particle-size control section. Osolo soils average more than 50 percent fine and very fine sand in the particle-size control section. Poquonock soils have a densic contact within the series control section. Samoa soils do not have a Bw horizon. Spessard soils formed in colluvium from acid sandstone. Wapanucket soils have a lithologic discontinuity within the series control section.
GEOGRAPHIC SETTING: Tyner soils are on Wisconsinan age outwash plains and outwash terraces, and on beaches and offshore bars on lake plains. Slope ranges from 0 to 45 percent. Tyner soils formed in sandy outwash or beach deposits. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 737 to 1016 mm (29 to 40 inches). Mean annual temperature ranges from 9.4 to 12.8 degrees C (49 to 55 degrees F). Frost-free period is 150 to 198 days. Elevation is 174 to 311 meters (570 to 1,020 feet) above mean sea level.
GEOGRAPHICALLY ASSOCIATED SOILS: These are the
Osolo soils. The moderately well drained Brems, somewhat poorly drained Morocco, and well drained Osolo soils are on slightly lower swells. The very poorly drained Maumee and Newton soils are in depressions.
DRAINAGE AND SATURATED HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY: Excessively drained. Potential for surface runoff is negligible to low. Saturated hydraulic conductivity is high or very high. Permeability is rapid.
USE AND VEGETATION: Soils are mostly used to grow corn, soybeans, fall seeded small grain, and legume-grass mixtures. Irrigation is a common practice on cropped areas. Some areas are in woods or pasture. Native vegetation is deciduous forest.
DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT: MLRAs 98, 111C, and 139 in north central and northwestern Indiana and northern Ohio. The series is of moderate extent.
MLRA SOIL SURVEY REGIONAL OFFICE (MO) RESPONSIBLE: AMHERST, MASSACHUSETTS
SERIES ESTABLISHED: Lake County, Indiana, 1971.
REMARKS: Diagnostic horizons and features recognized in this pedon are:
Ochric epipedon: from the surface to a depth of 30 cm (12 inches) (Ap horizon).
NASIS Data Mapunit ID 124309 represents the typical pedon.
NASIS Data Mapunit ID 124308 represents the 0 to 1 percent slope phase.
NASIS Data Mapunit ID 124310 represents the 5 to 10 percent slope phase.
NASIS Data Mapunit ID 124311 represents the 10 to 18 percent slope phase.
NASIS Data Mapunit ID 124312 represents the 18 to 45 percent slope phase.
ADDITIONAL DATA: Lab characterization data is available for the typical pedon (S93IN-039-002) from the National Soil Survey Laboratory, Lincoln, NE. Data is also available for pedon LK-15, sample numbers 19956 to 19961, from Lake County, Ohio; samples analyzed by The Ohio State University Soil Characterization Laboratory, Columbus, Ohio. Transect data for the typical pedon (T92IN-039-067 and T92IN-039-068) is on file at the MLRA project office in Plymouth, Indiana. Transects shows 40 Tyner soils and 60 percent Coloma soils.
National Cooperative Soil Survey